Promise of faster, more accessible schizophrenia diagnosis: Researchers explore eye function in schizophrenia as a window into the brain

A portable device common in optometrists’ offices may hold the key to faster diagnosis of schizophrenia, predicting relapse and symptom severity and assessing treatment effectiveness, a Rutgers University study finds. In the study, published in the May 2018 issue of the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, researchers used RETeval, a hand-held device developed to record electrical

Chemical used in packaging and disposable cups probably causes cancer

Common chemical used in plastic packaging and disposable cups is ‘probably carcinogenic for humans’, the World Health Organisation has warned Styrene, a chemical used to make rubber and plastics, is ‘probably carcinogenic’ Its rating was upgraded from possibly cancer-causing after thorough research Exposure to the chemical at work raises risk of leukaemia and nasal cancer 

Oral propranolol seems safe for infantile hemangioma

(HealthDay)—The safety profile of oral propranolol seems to be good for children with infantile hemangioma, according to a study published online May 29 in Pediatrics. Catherine Droitcourt, M.D., from the University of Rennes in France, and colleagues used the French National Health Insurance system to perform a survey of a nationwide cohort of children aged

Is eating ice bad for you?

However, continually craving ice and crunching on ice cubes could be bad for a person’s teeth and may be a sign of an underlying condition that requires medical attention. Read on to discover the possible causes of ice cravings and how to treat them. Underlying conditions that cause ice cravings The following conditions can make

Chile’s new sexual freedom leads to AIDS spike

The winds of change are blowing through Chile where a youthful sexual revolution is shattering taboos—but also sparking an explosion of HIV cases that has set off alarm bells in the traditionally conservative Latin American country. Chile has the highest rate of HIV cases in the region—some 5,816 new cases were registered last year, a

Scientists show how brain circuit generates anxiety: Research suggests a possible target for future anti-anxiety drugs

Neuroscientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have identified a neural circuit in the amygdala, the brain’s seat of emotion processing, that gives rise to anxiety. Their insight has revealed the critical role of a molecule called dynorphin, which could serve as a target for treatment of anxiety-related disorders including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Though

Mini-dose glucagon may halt post-exercise hypoglycemia

(HealthDay)—Mini-dose glucagon (MDG) is an effective approach for preventing exercise-induced hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online May 18 in Diabetes Care. Michael R. Rickels, M.D., from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, and colleagues aimed to determine whether MDG given subcutaneously pre-exercise could prevent glucose lowering and compared

Parents have concerns over food allergy precautions at schools

(HealthDay)—A substantial portion of parents whose children have food allergies have concerns over the safety of their child at school, according to a study published online May 12 in BMC Pediatrics. S. Shahzad Mustafa, M.D., from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry in New York, and colleagues conducted an electronic survey of

Cellular recycling process is key to longer, healthier life

Building on two decades of research, investigators at UT Southwestern have determined that “cellular housekeeping” can extend the lifespan and healthspan of mammals. A study jointly led by Drs. Salwa Sebti and Álvaro Fernández, postdoctoral researchers in the Center for Autophagy Research, found that mice with persistently increased levels of autophagy—the process a cell uses

CDC: Outpatient rehab rates suboptimal for stroke survivors

(HealthDay)—In 2015, 35.5 percent of adult stroke survivors used outpatient rehabilitation, up from 31.2 percent in 2013, according to research published in the May 25 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Carma Ayala, Ph.D., from the CDC in Atlanta, and colleagues analyzed 2013 and 2015 data

How to gain weight quickly and safely

Some methods of gaining weight can have severe short- and long-term effects on health. This poses a challenge for people needing to gain weight and for those who are at a healthy weight but wish to build muscle. This article explains how to determine whether a person is underweight. It also provides tips for gaining

CLL patient goes into remission thanks to single CAR T cell: Case study provides clues that could help improve response rates

The doctors who have spent years studying the case call it “a series of fortunate events.” What began as a remarkable response to chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy is now providing evidence about the human genome and immune response that could help turn gene therapy non-responders into responders. Researchers at the University of