Early-life seizures prematurely switch on key synapses in the brain that may contribute to further neurodevelopmental delay in children with autism and other intellectual disabilities, suggests a new study from researchers at Penn Medicine published online in Cell Reports. Importantly, the study shows that an existing targeted therapy may keep those synapses “silent” after seizures
Just as we abide by an external time schedule to eat, sleep, and go to work, our body is similarly dictated by internal clocks. Known as circadian rhythms, these daily cycles keep us on a regular 24-hour day and are involved in numerous aspects of our well-being. When these biological clocks fail to work as
Tripling the dose of vitamin D supplementation for babies does not make their bones any stronger by age two, according to a study in Finland published Tuesday. Vitamin D is essential because it helps the body absorb calcium. It is naturally produced when the skin is exposed to sunlight, but as many as 40 percent
Hemoglobin is a blood protein that is responsible for carrying oxygen around the body and delivering it to the different cells and tissues. When the blood is unable to carry oxygen around the body, the baby turns blue (cyanotic). Blue baby syndrome is rare in industrialized countries, but it does occasionally occur in rural areas.
Some people liken swordfish to pork chops, and that’s a pretty genius way to tackle preparing the fish. This simplified recipe borrows from the Thai style grilled pork shoulder from Chef Kris Yenbamroongs Night + Market cookbook. Ted Cavanaugh What you’ll need: ½ cup soy sauce1 Tbsp neutral oil2 tsp ground white pepper1 lb swordfish
Insomnia causes the brain to ‘eat itself’ and may lead to Alzheimer’s, study finds Sleep is important to clear away brain cell ‘wear and tear’, research suggests Yet, insomnia causes this to go into overdrive and remove healthy brain cells Previous research suggests the removal of such cells is linked to Alzheimer’s The study was
The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) remains relatively small. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports 56 people with confirmed, probable or suspected infections, including 25 deaths. But despite the modest numbers, other countries shouldn’t be complacent. It’s in everyone’s interest to help WHO and DRC bring this outbreak under control
These days we can get from most remote villages anywhere to home in 36 hours. And migrating humans can certainly carry microbial “passengers”. This means the increasing globalisation of our world can give infectious diseases a good opportunity to spread. In the age of exploration, introduced infections played a major role in shaping human history.
Depression can affect anyone at any stage of their life. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 1 in 6 people in the United States will experience depression at some point in their life. Scientists do not know the exact cause of depression, but many believe it is a combination of
(HealthDay)—Can’t quite spit out the right, uh, word at times? A new study helps explain why. European researchers analyzed thousands of recordings of spontaneous speech in different languages from around the world. They included English and Dutch speakers as well as conversation from people in the Amazon rainforest, Siberia, the Himalayas and the Kalahari desert.
Among homeless individuals cardiovascular disease remains one of the major causes of death due to challenges in predicting initial risk, limited access to health care and difficulties in long-term management, according to a review published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. In the U.S., roughly 550,000 people are homeless on any
UCLA scientists have identified specific gut bacteria that play an essential role in the anti-seizure effects of the high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet. The study, published today in the journal Cell, is the first to establish a causal link between seizure susceptibility and the gut microbiota — the 100 trillion or so bacteria and other microbes
I remember the day my parents told me about my father’s diagnosis very clearly. He had fought cancer on and off for 11 years, and it had gotten to the point that there wasn’t much more the doctors could do. I’d always known that losing a parent would be tough, but I hadn’t expected it
France had a million fewer daily smokers in 2017 over 2016, the health ministry said Monday, thanking the dissuasive power of higher tobacco taxes. In a special report on tobacco use in a country once synonymous with smoke-filled Parisian street cafes, the ministry did not mention whether electronic cigarettes have had any impact on the
SAN FRANCISCO — Many people tend to look back on the past with rose-colored glasses, remembering the good times and the good feelings…while forgetting the bad. But a new study suggests that heavy marijuana users may have some trouble letting go of negative emotions tied to memories — a phenomenon that's also seen in people with
Being discharged from a hospital trauma center after receiving treatment for a traumatic brain injury (TBI) does not necessarily mean that a patient has fully recovered. TBI can lead to long-lasting physical and cognitive symptoms, but a new study in JAMA Network Open suggests that many patients may not be receiving follow-up care. Patients in
The informal settlement of Khayelitsha in Cape Town is the latest site of a multi country trial that aims to transform the treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB). The endTB clinic was officially opened by Doctors Without Borders (MSF) and the City of Cape Town and will test five new drug regimens in Peru, Lesotho, Kazakhstan,
There’s one thing you need to know about eating soft shell crab: yes, you eat the whole dang thing, shell and all. These sliders are a crunchy appetizer that beats the heck out of a bowl of Ruffles. Ted Cavanaugh What you’ll need: 4 live soft-shell crabs, cleaned*2 tsp canola oil 1 Tbsp Old Bay
DNA is the warehouse of genetic information in each living cell, and its integrity and stability are essential to life. This stability and integrity is maintained by DNA damage repair machinery. In a study published in Clinical Cancer Research, a research team at Baylor College of Medicine found that defects in selective DNA damage repair
Music can have a visceral effect on us. Indeed, most people reading this will remember a time when music altered their mood — be that positively or negatively. In the world of retail, manipulating mood can be the difference between a sale and someone walking out of the shop empty-handed. Given humanity’s readiness to be