Early-life seizures prematurely wake up brain networks tied to autism

Early-life seizures prematurely switch on key synapses in the brain that may contribute to further neurodevelopmental delay in children with autism and other intellectual disabilities, suggests a new study from researchers at Penn Medicine published online in Cell Reports. Importantly, the study shows that an existing targeted therapy may keep those synapses “silent” after seizures

A key switch in biological clocks

Just as we abide by an external time schedule to eat, sleep, and go to work, our body is similarly dictated by internal clocks. Known as circadian rhythms, these daily cycles keep us on a regular 24-hour day and are involved in numerous aspects of our well-being. When these biological clocks fail to work as

No need for high-dose vitamin D in infants: study

Tripling the dose of vitamin D supplementation for babies does not make their bones any stronger by age two, according to a study in Finland published Tuesday. Vitamin D is essential because it helps the body absorb calcium. It is naturally produced when the skin is exposed to sunlight, but as many as 40 percent

Blue baby syndrome: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

Hemoglobin is a blood protein that is responsible for carrying oxygen around the body and delivering it to the different cells and tissues. When the blood is unable to carry oxygen around the body, the baby turns blue (cyanotic). Blue baby syndrome is rare in industrialized countries, but it does occasionally occur in rural areas.

Make This Meaty Grilled Swordfish Recipe in Minutes

Some people liken swordfish to pork chops, and that’s a pretty genius way to tackle preparing the fish. This simplified recipe borrows from the Thai ­style grilled pork shoulder from Chef Kris Yenbamroong’s Night + Market cookbook. Ted Cavanaugh What you’ll need: ½ cup soy sauce1 Tbsp neutral oil2 tsp ground white pepper1 lb swordfish

Insomnia causes the brain to ‘eat itself’, study finds 

Insomnia causes the brain to ‘eat itself’ and may lead to Alzheimer’s, study finds Sleep is important to clear away brain cell ‘wear and tear’, research suggests Yet, insomnia causes this to go into overdrive and remove healthy brain cells Previous research suggests the removal of such cells is linked to Alzheimer’s The study was

Stopping Ebola before the virus goes viral

The Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) remains relatively small. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports 56 people with confirmed, probable or suspected infections, including 25 deaths. But despite the modest numbers, other countries shouldn’t be complacent. It’s in everyone’s interest to help WHO and DRC bring this outbreak under control

Link between depression and cognitive decline explored

Depression can affect anyone at any stage of their life. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 1 in 6 people in the United States will experience depression at some point in their life. Scientists do not know the exact cause of depression, but many believe it is a combination of

Why people around the world trip over their tongues sometimes

(HealthDay)—Can’t quite spit out the right, uh, word at times? A new study helps explain why. European researchers analyzed thousands of recordings of spontaneous speech in different languages from around the world. They included English and Dutch speakers as well as conversation from people in the Amazon rainforest, Siberia, the Himalayas and the Kalahari desert.

Gut bacteria play key role in anti-seizure effects of ketogenic diet

UCLA scientists have identified specific gut bacteria that play an essential role in the anti-seizure effects of the high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet. The study, published today in the journal Cell, is the first to establish a causal link between seizure susceptibility and the gut microbiota — the 100 trillion or so bacteria and other microbes

When my dad died, my kids saved me

I remember the day my parents told me about my father’s diagnosis very clearly. He had fought cancer on and off for 11 years, and it had gotten to the point that there wasn’t much more the doctors could do. I’d always known that losing a parent would be tough, but I hadn’t expected it

France had a million fewer smokers in 2017: ministry

France had a million fewer daily smokers in 2017 over 2016, the health ministry said Monday, thanking the dissuasive power of higher tobacco taxes. In a special report on tobacco use in a country once synonymous with smoke-filled Parisian street cafes, the ministry did not mention whether electronic cigarettes have had any impact on the

Bad Vibes? Heavy Marijuana Users Hold On to Negative Feelings

SAN FRANCISCO — Many people tend to look back on the past with rose-colored glasses, remembering the good times and the good feelings…while forgetting the bad. But a new study suggests that heavy marijuana users may have some trouble letting go of negative emotions tied to memories — a phenomenon that's also seen in people with

Study reveals gaps in follow-up care after concussion

Being discharged from a hospital trauma center after receiving treatment for a traumatic brain injury (TBI) does not necessarily mean that a patient has fully recovered. TBI can lead to long-lasting physical and cognitive symptoms, but a new study in JAMA Network Open suggests that many patients may not be receiving follow-up care. Patients in

How attitudes to drug-resistant TB changed

The informal settlement of Khayelitsha in Cape Town is the latest site of a multi country trial that aims to transform the treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB). The endTB clinic was officially opened by Doctors Without Borders (MSF) and the City of Cape Town and will test five new drug regimens in Peru, Lesotho, Kazakhstan,

Why music volume matters when trying to lose weight

Music can have a visceral effect on us. Indeed, most people reading this will remember a time when music altered their mood — be that positively or negatively. In the world of retail, manipulating mood can be the difference between a sale and someone walking out of the shop empty-handed. Given humanity’s readiness to be