Tag: and

Team spots clue to rare lung and kidney diseases

Pulmonary-renal syndrome (PRS) refers to a group of rare but potentially fatal conditions that nearly always are caused by a misguided attack by the body’s immune system on the lungs and kidneys. Coughing up blood and blood in the urine are telltale signs. Treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressant drugs can be effective if begun before

Sunken fontanel: Causes, picture, and complications

The human skull is made up from several bones that are connected by tough fibrous tissue called sutures. These sutures give the skull some flexibility, allowing the head to pass through the birth canal. Where several sutures meet, they create a fontanel. Fontanels make the skull flexible enough for the brain to grow. When a

Valium vs. Xanax: Differences, similarities, and effects

Valium and Xanax are brand names for two types of medication for anxiety. The generic name for Valium is diazepam. The generic name for Xanax is alprazolam. Many anxiety symptoms result, to some extent, from a chemical imbalance in the brain. Medication can help change this imbalance. Sedatives slow down certain functions in the body.

Magnesium for asthma relief: When is it used and does it work?

Asthma is a common condition. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, asthma affects around 20.4 million adults and 6.1 million children in the country. Asthma causes inflammation in the airways, or bronchial tubes, which move air in and out of the lungs. The inflammation triggers the body

5 Myths and Facts About Holiday Weight Gain

With a few weeks until New Year’s Day, it’s still prime indulging season, the time of year when you may feel tempted to give into lots of treats, and worry about the consequences in January. But are some of the things you believe about holiday weight gain actually old wives tales? Here are five falsehoods

Atrial fibrillation: Diagnosis and testing

A doctor may perform one or more tests to diagnose atrial fibrillation (A-fib). The doctor will look for signs of A-fib as well as any underlying conditions that might be causing arrhythmia and possible complications. Sometimes a doctor will refer someone to a cardiologist, who is a specialist in heart disease. In this article, we

Nutrition educators identify barriers to physical activity and propose strategies to overcome them

Throughout its fifty years of publication, the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior (JNEB) has recognized the importance of physical activity as a key behavior helpful to achieving a healthy lifestyle. The November/December issue’s theme of physical activity highlights recent research on designing, delivering, and measuring physical activity programs for different audiences. “Challenges to beginning

More Australians affected by gambling and for longer

On the eve of the Melbourne Cup, new research from The Australian National University (ANU) has found more Australians are experiencing gambling harm and suffering life and health hardships for much longer than previously known. In providing one of the first national snapshots of gambling harm in Australia, the Centre for Gambling Research (CGR) has

Injury to a parent can lead to sleep issues in children and teens

Research has shown that getting a good night’s sleep plays an important role in children’s growth and development, both physically and emotionally. When children face an unsettling experience, such as the injury of a parent, it can alter their sleep habits, according to new research being presented at the 2018 American Academy of Pediatrics National

Addiction treatment: First steps, types, and medications

However, as a chronic disease, addiction is difficult to treat and requires on-going care. In the United States, around 8.1 percent of the population, or 21.7 million people, either need or regularly receive treatment for substance use disorders, according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. First steps The first step towards recovery