Tag: diabetes

Pancreas on a chip: Organ-on-a-chip and stem-cell tech combined: Organ-on-a-chip and stem-cell tech

By combining two powerful technologies, scientists are taking diabetes research to a whole new level. In a study led by Harvard University’s Kevin Kit Parker, microfluidics and human, insulin-producing beta cells have been integrated in an “Islet-on-a-Chip.” The new device makes it easier for scientists to screen insulin-producing cells before transplanting them into a patient,

Genetic risk is associated with differences in gut microbiome

Children with a high genetic risk of developing type 1 diabetes have different gut microbiomes than children with a low risk, according to a new study from Linköping University in Sweden and the University of Florida in the US. The results published in the scientific journal Nature Communications suggest that genetic risk can shape an

Early onset of menstruation associated with higher risk of type 2 diabetes: Large-scale study confirms association may be partially mediated by body mass index

Diabetes is a global health concern expected to affect 693 million people worldwide by 2045. It’s been well documented how diet and exercise influence risk of type 2 diabetes; however, a new study suggests that early menarche also is associated with a higher risk, but body mass index (BMI) may mediate this association. Study results

Widely available antibiotics could be used in the treatment of ‘superbug’ MRSA

Some MRSA infections could be tackled using widely-available antibiotics, suggests new research from an international collaboration led by scientists at the University of Cambridge and the Wellcome Sanger Institute. Since the discovery of penicillin, the introduction of antibiotics to treat infections has revolutionised medicine and healthcare, saving millions of lives. However, widespread use (and misuse)

Undetected diabetes linked to heart attack and gum disease

People with undetected glucose disorders run a higher risk of both myocardial infarction and periodontitis, according to a study published in the journal Diabetes Care by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. The results demonstrate the need of greater collaboration between dentistry and healthcare, say the researchers, and possibly of screening for diabetes at dental

Bacteria in our body determine health and disease

Role of microorganisms in the human underestimated so far There is a powerful and invisible Kingdom, which ruled largely undetected in the human body, about health and illness, decides. The speech is from the human Microbiome, i.e., the total number of microorganisms that colonize in a human. These billions of micro live support beings, and

Massive sequencing study links rare DNA alterations to type 2 diabetes: Scientists identify new genetic targets for disease research and potentially drug development

An international consortium of scientists has analyzed protein-coding genes from nearly 46,000 people, linking rare DNA alterations to type 2 diabetes. The study, one of the largest known of its type, includes data from people of European, African American, Hispanic/Latino, East Asian, and South Asian ancestries. From this large cohort — roughly 21,000 individuals with

Nutrition: What is the bread for Diabetes best?

What is the bread facilitates control of blood sugar levels? Type 2 Diabetes is a relatively common metabolic disease, which makes the blood sugar level of those Affected out of control. If left untreated, threaten to, at worst, life-threatening consequences. Nutrition plays in the control of the disease a particularly important role, and because bread

It’s OK to indulge once in a while, study suggests: The body adapts to occasional short-term overeating: Body focuses on removing glucose to preserve insulin sensitivity in short-term overeating bout

Overeating has been found to impair blood sugar (glucose) control and insulin levels. A new study suggests that the duration of a bout of overeating can affect how the body adapts glucose and insulin processing when calorie intake increases. The article is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology — Endocrinology and

Food manufacturers will be responsible for thousands of diabetes

Food giants will cause thousands of needless cases of diabetes, heart disease and bowel cancer if they fail to hit Government’s sugar reduction targets, academics warn The scheme aims to cut sugar by a fifth in cereals, yogurts and sweet treats If successful, it will significantly cut obesity, Oxford University experts say  But they warned