Tag: Disorder

Researchers look to unlock post-traumatic stress disorder puzzle

A team of Penn State and University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine researchers is attempting to answer a question that has long puzzled experts: Why do some individuals suffer post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after experiencing trauma, and others do not? The research, led by Nanyin Zhang, professor of biomedical engineering and Lloyd & Dorothy

To treat an eating disorder, we need to know what emotion fuels it

Pinpointing how different emotional states and neural pathways influence our eating behaviours could pave the way for better ways to tackle eating disorders and obesity. Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia can have life-threatening consequences. They affect around 20 million people in the European Union, with an estimated cost of €1 trillion per year.

Heavy periods? You might have an undiagnosed bleeding disorder

About 30 per cent of all women report heavy menstrual periods at some point during their reproductive years. Up to 15 per cent of these have an underlying bleeding disorder and yet most have never been diagnosed, leaving thousands of women to suffer from a treatable problem. As a hematologist and clinician scientist at Queen’s

Brain scans help unravel the neurobiology of functional neurological (conversion) disorder

An investigation led by a team of researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) departments of Neurology, Psychiatry and Radiology has found altered connectivity among brain regions that handle sensorimotor, emotional and cognitive signaling in patients with functional neurological disorder, a common condition involving neurologic symptoms that have no readily apparent physical cause. Their report

Alcohol use disorder: A step toward better treatment?

A doctor diagnoses alcohol use disorder (AUD) when an individual’s use of alcohol becomes compulsive. Someone with AUD feels intense cravings for alcohol and, when none has been consumed, experiences symptoms of withdrawal. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, there are around 16 million people in the United States with AUD.

How do genetic differences affect the risk of bipolar disorder?

So concluded the scientists at the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge who carried out the novel research. In previous work, they had already shown that a protein called candidate plasticity gene 2 (CPG2) helps to regulate the strength of synapses in brain circuits. Synapses are the

The global map of dementia

The worldwide map of dementia: Scientists reveal the memory-robbing disorder has skyrocketed by 117% over just 26 years as the global population continues to live longer Experts warn rates will double from 43.8million in 2016 to 100million by 2050 Turkey has the most cases, followed by Brazil, and Nigeria and Ghana the least  As well

Use of Telemedicine Low for Substance Use Disorder Treatment

TUESDAY, Dec. 4, 2018 — The use of telemedicine for substance use disorder (tele-SUD) is relatively low in a commercially insured population, according to a study published in the December issue of Health Affairs. Haiden A. Huskamp, Ph.D., from Harvard Medical School in Boston, and colleagues describe how tele-SUD is being used and identify characteristics

Unhealthy food behaviors may signal eating disorder in teen

(HealthDay)—Almost 3 percent of teenagers aged 13 to 18 years have food, weight, and body image issues severe enough to constitute an eating disorder, according to a behavioral health resource posted by The Family Institute at Northwestern University. Early detection offers a treatment advantage, as with all medical and behavioral conditions. However, this can be

Autism spectrum disorder linked to shape of brain’s cerebellum

Structural differences in the cerebellum may be linked to some aspects of autism spectrum disorder, according to a neuroimaging study from Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC). The findings were published online today in PLOS ONE. The cerebellum—which means ‘little brain’ in Latin—constitutes only 10 percent of the brain’s total volume, though it contains 80

With gene editing, researchers cure blood disorder in fetal mice

With the combined efforts of three Yale laboratories, researchers conducted the first demonstration of site-specific gene editing in a fetus, correcting a mutation that causes a severe form of anemia. The technique, described in a paper published June 26 in Nature Communications, involves an intravenous injection of nanoparticles carrying a combination of donor DNA and

The cognitive-behavioural model of hoarding disorder

Standard therapy for compulsive hoarding needs to unpack many factors that contribute to the problem. This includes examining each person’s upbringing, early family history and understanding the way they think, according to Australian and US researchers. Led by Flinders University Professor Mike Kyrios, who has been conducting this research over many years while previously working

This SI Swim Model Shared a Powerful Post About Going From a Size 2 to a Size 8 and Overcoming Her Eating Disorder

Mia Kang doesn’t hold back. The former Sports Illustrated swimsuit model and professional Muay Thai fighter has been open about her past struggles with anorexia and bulimia. Just last year, Kang told Health that she had previously binged and purged and also abused laxatives as a young model striving for the “perfect” body.  All that changed when she discovered Muay