Tag: infection

Immune responses in Ebola survivors 2 years after infection provide clues for vaccine development

Scientists have discovered that 2 years after infection, West African Ebola survivors exhibit memory immune responses—including specific T cells against Ebola virus. They believe their discovery opens up the possibility of improving Ebola vaccines by boosting key immune cells needed for long-lasting protective immunity. The new research is being presented at this year’s European Congress

The man with ‘mushrooms’ in his ear

The man with ‘MUSHROOMS’ in his ear: Patient’s fungal infection causes ‘a forest’ of black blobs of mould to grow inside his ear canal The man in Vietnam reportedly experienced pain and itching in his ear At hospital doctors investigated and found a fungal infection in the ear canal  A UK expert says the fungi

HIV Infection Diagnoses on the Rise in Young Homosexual Men

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26, 2018 — Among men who have sex with men (MSM), the change in the annual number of HIV diagnoses from 2008 to 2016 varies with age, according to research published in the Sept. 21 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Andrew Mitsch, M.P.H.,

FDA: Common Diabetes Meds Tied to Serious Genital Infection

THURSDAY, Aug. 30, 2018 — A rare but serious genital infection known as necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum, also called Fournier’s gangrene, has been reported in some patients taking a certain class of type 2 diabetes medicine, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. As a result, the FDA has ordered a new warning

New imaging technique can spot tuberculosis infection in an hour

Guided by glowing bacteria, researchers have devised an imaging technique that can diagnose live tuberculosis in an hour and help monitor the efficacy of treatments. That’s particularly critical because many TB strains have evolved defenses against standard treatments. Jianghong Rao, PhD, a professor of radiology at Stanford who led the work, says that speedy TB

Maternal dengue immunity protects against fetal damage in mice following Zika infection

Dengue and Zika viruses are closely related and carried by mosquitos. In infested subtropical and tropical areas, dengue transmission often precedes Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, suggesting that women who previously acquired dengue immunity may be bitten by ZIKV-carrying mosquitoes during pregnancy. Whether that mother’s prior dengue immunity would protect her unborn baby from devastating brain

Pneumococcal DNA predicts course of infection

In addition to revealing information about a patient’s condition, pneumococcal DNA also appears to provide information about the course of an infection. In the next issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Radboudumc researchers describe several pneumococcal genes predicting whether a patient runs the risk of developing meningitis or dying from the disease. Use of such genetic

New studies illustrate need for rigorous review of infection preventionist staffing models across healthcare systems

Severe gaps in staffing and outdated coverage benchmarks point to the critical need for evaluating and updating standards for infection preventionist (IP) staffing levels, according to two new studies that explored infection prevention and control resourcing across a variety of healthcare settings. The studies were published in the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC), the

Novel infection fighter

Hospital-acquired infections are a serious threat to patient lives, especially with the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. One drug that may prove helpful in the fight against these infections is monophosphoryl Lipid A (MPLA). MPLA stimulates the immune system to help fight off invaders like bacteria or fungi. It is already used clinically to help make

Treating tapeworm infection could improve academic performance

A Stanford-led study in China has revealed for the first time high levels of a potentially fatal tapeworm infection among school-age children. The researchers suggest solutions that could reduce infections in this sensitive age range and possibly improve education outcomes and reduce poverty. “This disease invades the brain,” said John Openshaw, the study’s lead author