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First lung map uncovers new insights into asthma

For the first time, researchers have mapped the building blocks of the human lungs and airways, in both asthma patients and normal people. The research from the Wellcome Sanger Institute, University Medical Center Groningen, Open Targets, GSK and collaborators revealed the identity of each cell type, creating the first draft Human Cell Atlas of the

New insights into treatment targets for men with advanced prostate cancers

A study published recently in the Journal of Clinical Oncology Precision Oncology, an American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) journal, outlines findings from the largest-ever prospective genomic analysis of advanced prostate cancer tumors. Using comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) to analyze thousands of tumor samples from men with advanced prostate cancers, the researchers identified that 57

A deep-dive into the impact of arthritis drugs on gene expression

A new computational framework has revealed key differences between four rheumatoid arthritis medications and their impact on biological pathways in mice. Niki Karagianni of Biomedcode Hellas SA, Greece, and colleagues present their new approach and findings in PLOS Computational Biology. People with rheumatoid arthritis often receive medications that target and inhibit Tumor-Necrosis Factor (TNF), a

New insights into the development and therapy of cancer

Oncologists at the University and University Hospital in Tübingen have discovered a new protein variant that plays an important role in the development and therapy response of cancer. For physicians, this discovery opens up the opportunity for new options in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer. The results of the study were published on Tuesday,

Varicose veins unlikely to develop into blood clots

Similar to leaky pipes, veins, as they return blood to the heart, sometimes fail to close completely. They stretch out and subsequently leak near the surface of the skin, creating spider or varicose veins that may cause discomfort. Dr. Tanya Flohr, a vascular surgeon at Penn State Heart and Vascular Institute, said the majority of

‘Mind-Reading’ AI Turns Thoughts Into Spoken Words

TUESDAY, Jan. 29, 2019 — In a breakthrough straight out of the world of science fiction, a team of researchers has used artificial intelligence (AI) to turn brain signals into computer-generated speech. The feat was accomplished with the assistance of five epilepsy patients. All had been outfitted with various types of brain electrodes as part

Ways to Fit Pasta Into Your Diet

FRIDAY, Dec. 21, 2018 — Who doesn’t crave a big bowl of spaghetti every now and then? But then comes the question of how to fit it into a smart diet plan. The answer is portion control. On average, one cup of cooked pasta has between 180 and 220 calories. But that number can change

13 Ways to Turn Oatmeal Into a Luxurious Breakfast Treat

We don’t know about you, but we really love oatmeal. It makes for a cozy five-minute breakfast in winter months, and cold overnight oats are easy and refreshing in the summer (although, TBH, we mostly stick to hot oats all year). And we still can’t get over the fact that something so easy and inexpensive

Most Bills Enacted Into Law Limit Vaccine Exemptions

THURSDAY, Nov. 29, 2018 — Most proposed bills in state legislatures from 2011 to 2017 sought to expand access to immunization exemptions, but the majority of bills enacted into law limited exemptions, according to a study published online Nov. 29 in the American Journal of Public Health. Neal D. Goldstein, Ph.D., from Drexel University Dornsife

Jump into plyometrics—the exercises to power muscles

(HealthDay)—Plyometrics isn’t a new technique, but it’s getting renewed attention because of its value as a training tool, the American Council on Exercise explains. Its original name, jump training, describes its focus. Movements are similar to those used in downhill skiing, basketball and even tennis. So it’s a great way to train for those sports,

Tap into the health powers of garlic

(HealthDay)—As scientists look more deeply into the effects of diet on health, they’re finding that more and more everyday foods offer benefits that go well beyond making dishes tastier. Garlic, an ingredient found in almost every type of cuisine, is emerging as one such superfood. Part of the allium family, which includes onions and leeks,

New Research Offers Insights Into Football-Related Concussions

THURSDAY, Oct. 25, 2018 — Repeated hits to the head, rather than one severe blow, may determine whether football players suffer a concussion, a new study suggests. The findings underscore the need to limit head impacts during football practice and games, said study lead author Brian Stemper, of Marquette University and Medical College of Wisconsin.

Stimulating deeper insights into brain function

Modeling changes in brain activity over time provides deeper insights into learning and behavioral responses. Observing the brain’s response to repeated stimuli has helped KAUST researchers develop a method for modeling connectivity patterns in neural networks. Mapping connectivity patterns will help to better understand brain function, ultimately improving diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases and

Childhood obesity persists into adolescence

(HealthDay)—Greater weight gain in early childhood often carries over to overweight and obesity in adolescence, according to a study published in the Oct. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Mandy Geserick, from the University of Leipzig in Germany, and colleagues assessed the age at onset of obesity in a population-based sample of

New insights into the adolescent brain

The inner workings of the teenage brain are now slightly less mysterious, thanks to a research team led by University of Delaware engineers. Using a non-invasive medical imaging technology called magnetic resonance elastography (MRE), the researchers found that adolescent brains are stiffer than adult brains in some areas and softer than adult brains in other