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Childhood obesity persists into adolescence

(HealthDay)—Greater weight gain in early childhood often carries over to overweight and obesity in adolescence, according to a study published in the Oct. 4 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Mandy Geserick, from the University of Leipzig in Germany, and colleagues assessed the age at onset of obesity in a population-based sample of

New insights into the adolescent brain

The inner workings of the teenage brain are now slightly less mysterious, thanks to a research team led by University of Delaware engineers. Using a non-invasive medical imaging technology called magnetic resonance elastography (MRE), the researchers found that adolescent brains are stiffer than adult brains in some areas and softer than adult brains in other

Intriguing insights into the kidney-brain connection

Kidney disease doesn’t just affect a patient’s body, it’s hard on their brain too—but no one really knows to what extent. Now, new research by Queen’s University researcher Gord Boyd (School of Medicine) at Kingston Health Sciences Centre is offering intriguing insights into the kidney-brain connection that could change the way that kidney disease is

A peek into the interplay between sleep and wakefulness

Sleep is an autonomic process and is not always under our direct, voluntary control. Awake or asleep, we are basically under the regulation of two biological processes: sleep homeostasis, commonly known as ‘sleep pressure’, and the circadian rhythm, otherwise known as the ‘body clock’. These two processes work in harmony to promote good consolidated sleep

Researchers transform human blood cells into functional neurons

Human immune cells in blood can be converted directly into functional neurons in the laboratory in about three weeks with the addition of just four proteins, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found. The dramatic transformation does not require the cells to first enter a state called pluripotency but instead occurs through

New insights into blood vessel growth

How new blood vessels form in mammals, for example, during development or after injury, is imperfectly understood. Scientists at Goethe University have now shed light on this process, showing that single cells in the innermost layer of blood vessels proliferate after injury, and in so doing, make a significant contribution to the formation of new

Turning papaya leaf into a cure for dengue fever

A traditional herbal remedy for the dangerous tropical disease ‘dengue fever’ could be turned into a pill to treat patients thanks to groundbreaking research by scientists at the University of Nottingham’s Malaysia Campus (UNMC).  Papaya leaf juice has for a long time been used in some areas of India and South East Asia as a