Tag: Rare

Team spots clue to rare lung and kidney diseases

Pulmonary-renal syndrome (PRS) refers to a group of rare but potentially fatal conditions that nearly always are caused by a misguided attack by the body’s immune system on the lungs and kidneys. Coughing up blood and blood in the urine are telltale signs. Treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressant drugs can be effective if begun before

Rare Variants Associated With Interval Breast Cancers

MONDAY, Dec. 3, 2018 — Though common breast cancer variants indicate increased breast cancer risk, certain rare variants are associated with an increased risk for interval breast cancers and death, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Cancer Research. Jingmei Li, Ph.D., from the Genome Institute of Singapore, and colleagues assessed

Rare polio-like illness has US health authorities on alert

A rare disease that peaked this autumn and paralyzes its victims – mainly children – in ways similar to polio has put health authorities on alert across the United States. There is no known specific treatment for the disease, known as acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). Some patients who contracted AFM quickly recover, while others end

Brothers, 12 and 9, battling rare ‘Benjamin Button disease’

Brothers, 12 and 9, with rare ‘Benjamin Button disease’ ‘It’s a race against time’: Brothers, 13 and 9, with rare ‘Benjamin Button disease’ have captured the hearts of millions in their fight to survive Nathan and Bennett Falcone, of Erdenheim, Pennsylvania, have progeria MADB The rare rapid-ageing disease affects just three Americans, they are two

Researchers uncover molecular mechanisms of rare skin disease

Keratinocyte skin cells are common targets of the beta subtype of human papilloma virus. This usually harmless infection causes skin disease in people with rare gene mutations.[/caption] You’re probably infected with one or more subtypes of the human papilloma virus—and, as alarming as that may sound, odds are you will never show any symptoms. The

Beyoncé Gives Fans a Rare Glimpse of the Carter Twins

Beyoncé and Jay-Z aren’t private about many things, but when it comes to family life, the pair tends to keep things close to the vest. In fact, the couple is very protective of their children (what parent isn’t?). But it looks like we’re finally getting a glimpse into their current family life. On Wednesday, the

Tumors grown in the lab provide insights on rare prostate cancer

Growing miniature tumors from patient’s cells in the laboratory may help scientists personalize treatments for those with a rare form of prostate cancer, according a study by Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian scientists. Patients with prostate cancer often receive therapies that reduce levels of testosterone. Many of their tumors eventually become resistant to such hormone-reducing

Rare baby names that became popular overnight

We’ve all heard of iconically popular names (like Peter, Jessica, etc.) becoming, well, even more popular overnight. And even rare celebrity baby names have been known to rise suddenly to the top of the charts after they debut. But how does one explain truly rare baby names that have suddenly started soaring in usage, with

Rare bacteria boosts immunotherapy in prostate cancer

A unique bacterial strain isolated from a patient with pelvic pain may represent a promising path to treating prostate cancer with immunotherapy, according to a Northwestern Medicine study published in Nature Communications. The study demonstrated how the bacterial strain travels directly to the prostate and induces low-level inflammation, boosting the effectiveness of immune checkpoint inhibitor

New tool predicts deadly form of rare cancer

Two patients with mycosis fungoides (MF) can appear to have identical diseases upon first diagnosis but can have radically different outcomes. MF in an unusual cancer of the T lymphocyte that begins in the skin rather than in the lymph nodes, with the first sign often being a rash. Most patients with MF, the most

Delayed coronary obstruction rare after TAVR

(HealthDay)—Delayed coronary obstruction (DCO) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a rare phenomenon but is associated with a high in-hospital mortality rate, according to a study published in the April 10 issue the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Richard J. Jabbour, M.D., from Imperial College London, and colleagues used a large international

Could statins ease deadly heart condition in rare neuromuscular disease?

In preclinical studies using cell models that mimicked liver cells of patients with the rare disease Friedreich’s ataxia (FA), a widely used cholesterol-lowering drug increased a precursor of HDL (high-density lipoprotein), the “good cholesterol,” according to new research published in PLOS ONE from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. Decreased HDL

New drug combo improves survival of women with rare uterine cancer

Adding the monoclonal antibody drug trastuzumab—already used to treat certain breast cancers—to the chemotherapy regimen of women with a rare form of uterine cancer lengthens the amount of time their tumors are kept from growing, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers conducting a small phase II trial of the regimen, testing its safety and value.