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Science Puzzling Out Differences in Gut Bacteria Around the World

THURSDAY, Feb. 14, 2019 — Scientists say nearly 2,000 previously unknown types of bacteria in the human gut have been identified. The human gut hosts many species of microbes, collectively referred to as the gut microbiota. Scientists are working to identify the individual species and understand the roles they play in human health. While investigators

Stimulating the vagus nerve in the neck might help ease pain associated with PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a mental condition caused by a traumatic event. People with PTSD may experience intrusive memories, negative thoughts, anxiety and chronic pain. The condition is typically treated with a combination of psychotherapy, anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medications. It’s this connection between mental health and pain that interests Imanuel Lerman, MD, associate

How to not get sick: 8 ways to avoid colds and the flu

Although most cold and flu infections occur during the fall and winter seasons, the viruses responsible for these illnesses are present year-round. Fighting off a viral infection takes its toll on most people, causing them to miss days at work and valuable time with their friends and families. In this article, we describe eight evidence-based

Study explores the role of estrogen in controlling Type 2 diabetes

The results of a recent Texas A&M University-led study provide insights into the mechanism by which estrogen can decrease insulin resistance and the production of glucose, reducing incidences of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study, “Estrogen Improves Insulin Sensitivity and Suppresses Gluconeogenesis via the Transcription Factor Foxo1,” can be found online in the Diabetes journal

Why children struggle with the ‘cocktail party effect’

Researchers have clarified the development of the ability to attend to a speaker in a noisy environment—a phenomenon known as the “cocktail party effect.” Published in JNeurosci, the study could have implications for helping children navigate the often-noisy surroundings in which they grow and learn. Marc Vander Ghinst and colleagues used magnetoencephalography to measure six-

We Need to Stop With the #BoyMom Nonsense

If you look on Instagram, you’ll find 6.6 million #BoyMom posts and only 2 million #GirlMom posts. I’m guilty of it. Many are. We take pride in our kids. And because of that, we sometimes take pride in the uncontrollable pieces of them, like their gender. But when you dig a little deeper and really

The science of why so many people believe in psychic powers

Mind reading and the ability to predict the future are not skills people generally associate with the human race. Yet, research shows many people genuinely believe in the existence of psychic powers. You would think that instances of proven psychic fraud over the years would weaken the credibility of psychic claims. There have been historical

Does the time of year really impact your mood?

When daylight saving time ends in late fall, it is common to start experiencing an onset of mild depressive feelings and tendencies, often coined as “winter blues.” Energy levels seem to decrease with the temperature drop, people tend to feel more tired and sluggish, and there is an element of dread that occurs when one’s

Heart attack care ‘excellent around the clock’

Admission to hospital with a heart attack outside normal working hours does not appear to increase a patient’s chance of dying in hospital, according to a study of more than 600,000 patient cases. The new research suggests that fears about potential differences in outcomes depending on the time of hospital admission may be unfounded. Led

A Complete Ranking of the Best Girl Scout Cookie Flavors

You can tell a lot about a person by their preference for… Girl Scout Cookies. Yep, when it comes to character-defining foods, these sweet treats peddled by entrepreneurial girls pretty much top the list. And make no mistake; the battle to determine which cookie is best basically stretches back to the early 1900s — that’s

Flatulence avoid: tips on the right combination of foods

Cherries eaten or drunk water = stomach ache. So it is game in a well-known children. Many of these food myths are not. According to experts, it is worthwhile to reconsider the combination and the order of the food intake. Abdominal pain, flatulence, impaired absorption of nutrients: There are many tips on what should better

Are Diet Coke's Fruity New Flavors the New Seltzer?

We haven’t had a sip of non-carbonated water for what seems like decades now, and when there are so many different types of flavored seltzer water out there, why would we? Diet Coke got in on the game last year when they launched four new fruit flavors, but for 2019 they’re trying to lure us