Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a mental condition caused by a traumatic event. People with PTSD may experience intrusive memories, negative thoughts, anxiety and chronic pain. The condition is typically treated with a combination of psychotherapy, anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medications. It’s this connection between mental health and pain that interests Imanuel Lerman, MD, associate
It’s common to feel uncomfortable with different aspects of our bodies or to want to make small changes here and there. However, sometimes this dissatisfaction with our bodies can start to become a burden. Here are some tips for helping a friend who may be struggling with negative body image and where to find support.
Researchers have clarified the development of the ability to attend to a speaker in a noisy environment—a phenomenon known as the “cocktail party effect.” Published in JNeurosci, the study could have implications for helping children navigate the often-noisy surroundings in which they grow and learn. Marc Vander Ghinst and colleagues used magnetoencephalography to measure six-
A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in China and one in the U.S. has found that people with schizophrenia have differences in their gut biomes compared to people without the mental disorder. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group describes testing schizophrenia patients and experiments they conducted with mice,
If you look on Instagram, you’ll find 6.6 million #BoyMom posts and only 2 million #GirlMom posts. I’m guilty of it. Many are. We take pride in our kids. And because of that, we sometimes take pride in the uncontrollable pieces of them, like their gender. But when you dig a little deeper and really
PSA screening cuts deaths from prostate cancer by some 30 percent. This research was based on data of 20,000 men monitored for more than two decades. The men’s initially measured PSA levels proved highly significant as a predictor of future cancer risk. “This research is important, because it shows the long-term effects of an organized
The winter months are an ideal time to turn your attention inward and think of how you can establish something new for your family to do together indoors. If you can find the right thing, perhaps it will become a family ritual. Family rituals contribute to the rhythm and predictability of family life and they
(HealthDay)—Women with prior false-positive screening results have an increased risk for screen-detected and interval breast cancer for more than 10 years, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in the British Journal of Cancer. Marta Román, from the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute in Barcelona, Spain, and colleagues examined the long-term risk for
FRIDAY, Dec. 7, 2018 — Fear of complications and frustration at the amount of time required to manage type 1 diabetes impact the quality of life of young adults with the disease, according to a study published in the December issue of The Diabetes Educator. Denise A. Kent, Ph.D., R.N., and Laurie Quinn, Ph.D., R.N.,
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) online can be useful in treating gastrointestinal disorders in children when no physical cause can be found. This is the viewpoint of researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden that is described in a new study published in the journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. About 13 per cent of all children suffer
MONDAY, Dec. 3, 2018 — Though common breast cancer variants indicate increased breast cancer risk, certain rare variants are associated with an increased risk for interval breast cancers and death, according to a study published in the Nov. 1 issue of Cancer Research. Jingmei Li, Ph.D., from the Genome Institute of Singapore, and colleagues assessed
Research shows that losing weight can help prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. While best practice for weight loss often includes decreasing or eliminating calories from alcohol, few studies examine whether people who undergo weight loss treatment report changes in alcohol intake and whether alcohol influences their weight loss. A new study from the
(HealthDay)—More than 15 million homes in the United States get their water from private wells, according to federal estimates. While the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulates public drinking water, people with private wells need to check their water themselves, along with other maintenance steps. This is especially important if you’re thinking about having a baby.
THURSDAY, Nov. 29, 2018 — Connections between different areas of the brain are sustained longer than usual in people with autism, perhaps explaining some of their symptoms, a new study suggests. It’s possible these prolonged connections make it difficult for the brain to switch from one activity to another, the researchers said. “People with autism
WEDNESDAY, Nov. 28, 2018 — Infant ear infections can be a source of frustration for parents and babies alike. But there are steps to lessen them and, when they do occur, “less is more” is a better way to treat them. A typical infection can begin with bacterial growth. Inflammation can lead to fluid buildup
Researchers at RCSI (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland) have revealed that one quarter of suicide attempts are associated with dysfunction in how the brain interprets basic perceptual information, such as what we see, hear and think. The research shows that this dysfunction can predict suicidal behaviour, and offers new prospects for treatment and suicide
In a Geriatrics & Gerontology International study of 51 individuals living with dementia who attended community-based adult day health centers, behavioral observations of a music intervention showed a positive change in mood and a decrease in agitation. Participants demonstrated significant increases in joy, eye contact, eye movement, being engaged, and talkativeness, and a decrease in
Sorry, Mom, but yes, you can play with your food. Jell-O’s latest brainchild is a slime that’s 100 percent edible. (You read that correctly: slime you can eat.) And they’re launching the product very soon, on Dec. 1. In a press release, Jell-O recently announced it has created two types of slime, unicorn and monster.
FRIDAY, Nov. 16, 2018 — Americans in states with the highest obesity rates are less likely to have weight-loss surgery, researchers say. Why? “None of the states with the five highest obesity rates crack the top 20 in terms of bariatric [weight-loss] surgery, and all but one are in the bottom 10 in terms of
For decades, scientists have examined how regions of the brain communicate to understand autism. Researchers at University of Utah Health believe the symptoms of autism may result from sustained connections between regions of the brain. The details of their study are available November 16 in the journal JAMA Network Open. “People with autism do not