Tag: long-term

Gastric bypass surgery leads to long-term diabetes remission

More than half of adults with type 2 diabetes had long-term remission following gastric bypass surgery, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Bariatric surgery helps people with severe obesity lose a lot of weight and improve their health. Two common types of bariatric surgery are

Engaging in physical activity could reduce long-term mortality

Cognitive frailty is a heterogeneous clinical manifestation characterized by the simultaneous presence of both physical frailty and cognitive impairment, in the absence of dementia, and it seems to entail a greater death risk than physical frailty or cognitive impairment separately. Despite the potential effect of regular physical activity to slow cognitive decline and its association

Early intensive therapy for multiple sclerosis leads to better long-term outcomes, despite being perceived as high risk

New findings by researchers at Cardiff University suggest that intensive therapy during the early stages of multiple sclerosis (MS) leads to better long-term outcomes for patients, despite it often being viewed as a riskier option than other first line treatments. Dr. Emma Tallantyre, from Cardiff University’s Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, said: “Over

Fractures have long-term impacts on quality of life in older people

Single and multiple hip, vertebral, and rib fractures strongly affect the quality of life of older adults over a prolonged period of time, according to a new study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. For the study, which involved 10-year follow-up data, researchers determined the long-term impact of fragility fractures on health-related

Is bipolar curable? Treatment and long-term management

Without treatment, bipolar disorder may cause unusual mood episodes. People with the condition may alternate between high periods, called manic episodes, and low periods, or depressive episodes. During a manic episode, a person will often feel happy, have lots of energy, and be very sociable. During a depressive episode, they may feel sad, have low

Perinatal hypoxia associated with long-term cerebellar learning deficits and Purkinje cell misfiring

Oxygen deprivation associated with preterm birth leaves telltale signs on the brains of newborns in the form of alterations to cerebellar white matter at the cellular and the physiological levels. Now, an experimental model of this chronic hypoxia reveals that those cellular alterations have behavioral consequences. Chronic sublethal hypoxia is associated with locomotor miscoordination and

New study finds short- and long-term depressive symptoms associated with cardiovascular disease

Short- and long-term depressive symptoms can predict the occurrence of cardiovascular events, according to a new study by University of Maine researchers. In addition, short-term or baseline depressive symptoms increase risk for cardiovascular events for up to 15 years, and chronic depressive symptoms for up to 10 years. The study by the UMaine research team—Emily

Long-term risk of anastomotic ulceration after RYGB

(HealthDay)—There is a significant long-term risk of anastomotic ulceration (AU) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), which increases over time and with history of tobacco use, according to a research letter published online June 20 in JAMA Surgery. Konstantinos Spaniolas, M.D., from Stony Brook University in New York, and colleagues describe the epidemiology of AU after

Immunotherapy provides long-term survival benefit: Further evidence in lung cancer

Further evidence that immunotherapy provides long-term survival benefit for patients with lung cancer was presented today at ELCC 2018 (European Lung Cancer Congress) in Geneva, Switzerland. Researchers presented the three-year survival results of the randomised phase 2 POPLAR trial in second line, which is the longest follow-up reported to date with anti-programmed death ligand 1