Tag: diagnosis

My Autism Diagnosis at Age 38 Drastically Changed How I Parent

What’s so important about diagnosis? Isn’t autism just a label? These are questions that people going through assessment for Autism Spectrum Disorders regularly hear — and they’re difficult to answer on the spot. For me, the diagnosis of having autism — a neurodevelopment disorder — came as a relief to me, mainly because I suddenly had a way to explain my extreme childhood behaviors (and having always been “the

Earlier diagnosis and treatment assessment of tuberculosis achieved with pet/ct

Research presented at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging’s 2019 Annual Meeting shows that molecular imaging with 18F-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) can evaluate tuberculosis at the molecular level, effectively identifying diseased areas and guiding treatment for patients. According to the World Health Association, tuberculosis is one of the top 10 causes

Woman’s bizarre rash is given diagnosis of anal cancer

The unusual rash that turned out to be a sign of anal cancer: Woman, 73, went to doctors concerned about the spiral patches on her buttocks and back… only to be given the devastating news The woman had the strange rash for 11 months before seeing a doctor   But then she started experiencing vomiting, diarrhoea

New tools and strategies for tuberculosis diagnosis, care, and elimination: A PLOS Medicine special

This week, publication of a special issue on tuberculosis (TB) begins in PLOS Medicine, advised by guest editors Richard Chaisson of Johns Hopkins University, Claudia Denkinger of the University of Heidelberg, and Mark Hatherill of the South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Institute. An estimated 10 million people developed tuberculosis (TB) and 1.6 million died of TB

HIV/tuberculosis co-infection: Tunneling towards better diagnosis

1.2 million people in the world are co-infected by HIV-1 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This combination is deadly: It makes patient diagnosis and treatment difficult, and increases the pathogenicity of these two infectious agents. An international team led by researchers at the CNRS and Inserm have revealed that in the presence of tuberculosis, HIV-1 moves from

Mental health disorders up after head and neck cancer diagnosis

(HealthDay)—In patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), the prevalence of mental health disorders (MHDs) is significantly higher after cancer diagnosis, according to a study published online Feb. 28 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. Ji Hyae Lee, from Pennsylvania State University in Hershey, and colleagues conducted a retrospective cohort study to describe the prevalence

More accurate leukemia diagnosis expected as researchers refine leukemia classification

Like cartographers completing a map, investigators have identified multiple new subtypes of the most common childhood cancer—research that will likely improve the diagnosis and treatment of high-risk patients. St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists led the study, which appears as an advance online publication today in the journal Nature Genetics. Researchers used integrated genomic analysis,

engineers unlock avenue for early cancer diagnosis

Monash University engineers have unlocked the door to earlier detection of cancer with a world-first study identifying a potential new testing method that could save millions of lives. Researchers found that a sensor using new, more sensitive materials to look for key markers of disease in the body increased detection by up to 10,000 times.

Atrial fibrillation: Diagnosis and testing

A doctor may perform one or more tests to diagnose atrial fibrillation (A-fib). The doctor will look for signs of A-fib as well as any underlying conditions that might be causing arrhythmia and possible complications. Sometimes a doctor will refer someone to a cardiologist, who is a specialist in heart disease. In this article, we

COPD diagnosis: Which tests do doctors use and how are they done?

Symptoms of COPD, such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and fatigue, can be similar to the signs of other lung conditions. COPD often gets progressively worse over time. Getting an accurate and early diagnosis allows doctors to develop an effective treatment plan that can help slow the progression of a person’s disease. Doctors begin diagnosing

Woman's Nail-Biting Led To A Cancer Diagnosis And Amputation

Australian student Courtney Whithorn suffered such extreme bullying that she developed an almost life-threatening habit – nail-biting. After three surgeries, the 20-year-old student had her thumb amputated when doctors diagnosed her with a rare type of cancer called acral lentiginous subungual melanoma.  Courtney’s doctors believe the disease is linked to years of severe trauma to the nail

Opioids Often Prescribed in the Absence of Pain Diagnosis

TUESDAY, Sept. 11, 2018 — Many outpatient opioid prescriptions have no documented medical indication, according to a research letter published online Sept. 11 in the Annals of Internal Medicine. Tisamarie B. Sherry, M.D., Ph.D., from the RAND Corporation in Boston, and colleagues examined the percentage of opioid prescriptions with a documented medical indication between 2006

Health Tip: Talking About Your Cancer Diagnosis

— If you’ve been diagnosed with cancer, your family and close friends can be a great source of physical and moral support. The American Cancer Society suggests how to tell loved ones about your diagnosis: Don’t wait to tell them. Sooner or later, they’ll all know. They might feel hurt or left out if they

Prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment could improve with AI

Researchers in Sweden have shown how data-driven AI could contribute to a better understanding of how prostate cancer develops, and even improve clinical diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Every cancer tumor is unique, with characteristics that change over time. This so-called heterogeneity is due to competing clones within a given tumor, as well as