Category: Health Problems

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, a bacterium carried in the gut of certain ticks. When these infected ticks attach to the human body (often in armpits, groin, scalp, or other hairy, hidden body areas), they slowly feed, and within 36-48 hours they may transmit B. burgdorferi to their human host. Young ticks are

Lupus Treatments

There is no known cure for lupus, but there are effective treatments. Most of the symptoms of lupus are from inflammation (swelling), so treatment focuses on reducing the swelling. Treatment may include taking these medicines: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs are often used to reduce joint and muscle pain and inflammation in people who have

What is Obesity?

Obesity and overweight have in the last decade become a global problem – according to the World Health Organization (WHO) back in 2005 approximately 1.6 billion adults over the of age 15+ were overweight, at least 400 million adults were obese and at least 20 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight.

Breastfeeding Inducing Lactation

Lactation induction may be necessary in several cases. For example, in case the milk does not come in or if the baby is an adoptive one and the mother wishes to breastfeed the baby. While some women may be comfortable taking prescribed medicines to induce lactation, some may prefer herbal medications. In addition some mothers

The Prostate

The prostate gland is a small gland that lies beneath the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum in males. The gland surrounds the top end of the urethra which carries urine from the bladder out of the body via the penis. The gland's size may vary with age. It is around the size

Breastfeeding During Pregnancy

Breastfeeding during a pregnancy or getting pregnant during breastfeeding a baby may seem like a challenge especially to a new and first time mother but does not harm either the breastfeeding baby or the unborn baby. There may, however, be some complications. Some of the points to be kept in mind include:- There are nerve-endings

Lyme Disease Symptoms

Erythema Migrans Usually, the first symptom of Lyme disease is a red rash known as erythema migrans (EM). The telltale rash starts as a small red spot at the site of the tick bite. The spot expands over a period of days or weeks, forming a circular or oval-shaped rash. Sometimes the rash resembles a

Tourette Syndrome Classification

Tourette syndrome is a neurological condition affecting the brain and nervous system. The condition normally develops in childhood and is characterized by involuntary movements and utterances called tics. Involuntary movements are referred to as motor tics and tics involving involuntary noises or utterances are called phonic tics. Tourette syndrome has been classified by the Diagnostic

Schizophrenia Signs and Symptoms

A person diagnosed with schizophrenia may demonstrate auditory hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized and unusual thinking and speech; this may range from loss of train of thought and subject flow, with sentences only loosely connected in meaning, to incoherence, known as word salad, in severe cases. Social isolation commonly occurs for a variety of reasons. Impairment

Cerebral Palsy Symptoms

Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder with severe motor and coordination impairments. The signs or symptoms of cerebral palsy may appear soon after birth or may take several months to become apparent. Cerebral palsy is classified into different types depending on the type of symptoms. These symptom-based classifications further indicate the parts of the brain

Hormone Interactions with Receptors

Hormones are chemical messengers that interact with receptors present on the surface of a cell membrane or with receptors that are located inside the cell, in the cytoplasm (cytoplasmic receptors). This interaction gives rise to the effects hormones exert on target cells and organs. Hormones are secreted by the endocrine glands, which do not have

Vaginitis Causes

Vaginitis is a condition involving inflammation of the vagina and the vulva, which may arise due to several different causes. Various types of infections may be responsible, in addition to reactions following topical contact with certain chemicals and hormonal level changes in the body. Candida Infection Also known as a yeast or fungal infection, candida

What is Light Therapy?

The history of light therapy dates back more than 3000 years in India, where sunlight was used for therapeutic purposes and recorded in the sacred Hindu texts. Today, the beneficial effects of light therapy are well-established and they involve the use of visible light or non-visible ultraviolet light to treat a myriad of conditions. Conventional

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is due to the presence of excessive melanin in the skin cells. It arises from various causes, which include: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation Erythema ab igne – due to prolonged heat exposure, as for instance, over the lap when constantly using a laptop computer, or when a hot water pad or bottle is applied over a

Vitamin A Toxicity

Also called hypervitaminosis A, Vitamin A toxicity describes the toxic effects that occur when there is too much preformed vitamin A in the body. Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin that gets stored in the body in the form of retinol. Retinol acts as a storage form of vitamin A, which can be converted

Symptoms of Kaposi's sarcoma

Kaposi's sarcoma is a cancer that affects the linings of the blood vessels of lymphatic channels in persons with a lowered immunity typically patients with HIV infection. Types of Kaposi's sarcoma Classic Kaposi's sarcoma is rare and affects elderly men of Mediterranean or Ashkenazi Jewish origin. Endemic or African Kaposi's sarcoma affects young adults living

What is anemia?

Anemia is due to lack of haemoglobin in the blood which is below the normal level or due to less than normal levels of red blood cells in blood. The haemoglobin helps carry oxygen in blood. Lack of haemoglobin thus causes deficiency of life giving oxygen to vital organs. (1-4) Types of anemia There are

Sarcoidosis Symptoms

The symptoms of sarcoidosis vary significantly between patients due to the size, number and location of the nodules that characterize the health condition. There may be one area of the body that is most affected – usually the lungs and chest area – or several body organs that may lead to specific symptoms. Some people

Chlamydia Infection Pathophysiology

Chlamydia infection is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the world. Mode of transmission The infection spreads from infected individuals to their sexual partners via unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sexual intercourse. Sharing unwashed sex toys or those that are not covered with a