Tag: Asthma

Does the Immune System Differ between Men and Women?

Research has repeatedly shown that women have a stronger immune response to infections than men. Studies from as early as the 1940s have elucidated that women possess an enhanced capability of producing antibodies. Image Credit: Peterschreiber.media/Shutterstock.com Even though this builds an effective resistance barrier to infections, women have a higher predisposition to autoimmunity caused by

Air filters shown to improve breathing in children with asthma

(HealthDay)—Daily use of a fine particulate matter air filtration device can significantly improve airway mechanics and reduce airway resistance in children with asthma, according to a study recently published in JAMA Pediatrics. Xiaoxing Cui, Ph.D., of the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, and colleagues performed a double-blind study

Common Cleaning Products May Put Infants at Risk for Asthma

Children living in a home with a greater use of any cleaning product during a child’s infancy increased the odds of a recurrent wheeze, recurrent wheeze with atopy, and asthma diagnosis. The highest risk of respiratory issue was associated with scented and sprayed cleaning products. The most common cleaning products used were dishwashing soap, dishwasher

Genetic risk is associated with differences in gut microbiome

Children with a high genetic risk of developing type 1 diabetes have different gut microbiomes than children with a low risk, according to a new study from Linköping University in Sweden and the University of Florida in the US. The results published in the scientific journal Nature Communications suggest that genetic risk can shape an

Children with mild asthma can use inhalers as needed

A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis supports evidence that children with mild asthma can effectively manage the condition by using their two inhalers—one a steroid and the other a bronchodilator—when symptoms occur. This is in contrast to the traditional method of using the steroid daily, regardless of symptoms, and

DR ELLIE CANNON: Did school spark my daughter’s asthma?

DR ELLIE CANNON: Did school spark my daughter’s asthma? My daughter suffers mild asthma and it’s usually easy to control. But every September, when the school year starts, she has an attack and ends up in hospital. Is there a connection? Asthma often gets worse when sufferers return to school or work after a long

Early onset of menstruation associated with higher risk of type 2 diabetes: Large-scale study confirms association may be partially mediated by body mass index

Diabetes is a global health concern expected to affect 693 million people worldwide by 2045. It’s been well documented how diet and exercise influence risk of type 2 diabetes; however, a new study suggests that early menarche also is associated with a higher risk, but body mass index (BMI) may mediate this association. Study results

Osteoarthritis linked to higher risk of dying from cardiovascular disease

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have investigated the link between osteoarthritis and mortality in an epidemiological study. It was shown that the risk of dying from cardiovascular disease was higher for people with osteoarthritis than for the rest of the population. Using population registers, the researchers studied approximately 469,000 people living in Skåne, Sweden,

‘Alexa, monitor my heart’: Researchers develop first contactless cardiac arrest AI system for smart speakers

Almost 500,000 Americans die each year from cardiac arrest, when the heart suddenly stops beating. People experiencing cardiac arrest will suddenly become unresponsive and either stop breathing or gasp for air, a sign known as agonal breathing. Immediate CPR can double or triple someone’s chance of survival, but that requires a bystander to be present.

First lung map uncovers new insights into asthma

For the first time, researchers have mapped the building blocks of the human lungs and airways, in both asthma patients and normal people. The research from the Wellcome Sanger Institute, University Medical Center Groningen, Open Targets, GSK and collaborators revealed the identity of each cell type, creating the first draft Human Cell Atlas of the

Epilepsy drugs linked to increased risk of suicidal behavior, particularly in young people: Review of treatment guidelines needed, suggest researchers

Treatment with gabapentinoids — a group of drugs used for epilepsy, nerve pain and anxiety disorders — is associated with an increased risk of suicidal behaviour, unintentional overdose, injuries, and road traffic incidents, finds a study from Sweden published by The BMJ today. Prescriptions have risen steeply in recent years, and gabapentinoids are among the

TTI heat map shows relationship between traffic-related air pollution and childhood asthma

A team of air quality and health researchers led by the Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) have created a first-of-its-kind, county-by-county interactive heat map and city-by-city table detailing the distribution of childhood asthma due to traffic-related air pollution across the United States. One of the principal findings is that asthma cases attributable to traffic-related air