Tag: children

NIH Launches New Research on COVID-19 in Children

Editor’s note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape’s Coronavirus Resource Center. The National Institutes of Health has launched a new research initiative to better understand how COVID-19 affects children, particularly those with long-term effects of coronavirus infection. The CARING for Children with COVID program will study why some children face greater risks

Immune system protects children from severe COVID-19

Children are protected from severe COVID-19 because their innate immune system is quick to attack the virus, a new study has found. The research led by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and published in Nature Communications, found that specialized cells in a child’s immune system rapidly target the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). MCRI’s Dr. Melanie

Peanut allergy affects even more U.S. adults than children

Peanut allergy affects at least 4.5 million adults in the U.S., many of whom report developing their first allergy symptoms during adulthood, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. However, despite the fact that roughly three out of four Americans with peanut allergy are over 17 years old, peanut allergy is often considered a predominantly pediatric

Study offers hope of new treatment for progeria syndrome in children

Researchers from Karolinska Institutet and Gothenburg University have investigated a potential new drug target for the rare genetic disorder Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome that causes accelerated aging in children. The findings in mice are published in the scientific journal eLife and may aid in the development of more effective treatments for this fatal condition. Hutchinson-Gilford progeria

What are the Health Benefits of Breastfeeding?

Breastfeeding is still common and continues for a prolonged period in developing countries, whereas its rate has declined steeply in developed nations following the introduction of formula for babies. Women who immigrate to these regions tend to take on the lactational characteristics of their host countries around the beginning of the 19th century. Health Benefits

X-Linked Hypophosphatemia Diagnosis

X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is the most common cause of hereditary rickets in children. Its early recognition is crucial to appropriate pediatric management and surveillance for complications related to the disease as well as to its treatment. Diagnosis The clinical features of rickets is the bowing of the lower extremity bones following the initiation of weight

When Should You Wet Your Toothbrush?

Brushing teeth is an important part of dental hygiene. A regular routine for teeth care is necessary for maintaining good dental health. Normally dentists recommend that you brush your teeth twice a day. The duration of brushing should last two minutes and the toothpaste you use should contain fluoride. However, this does not answer a

Does the Immune System Differ between Men and Women?

Research has repeatedly shown that women have a stronger immune response to infections than men. Studies from as early as the 1940s have elucidated that women possess an enhanced capability of producing antibodies. Image Credit: Peterschreiber.media/Shutterstock.com Even though this builds an effective resistance barrier to infections, women have a higher predisposition to autoimmunity caused by

Study shows when housing quality is poor, children suffer

Housing instability and homelessness are widely understood to have an impact on health, and certain housing problems have been linked to specific childhood health conditions, such as mold with asthma. But it has not been clear how overall housing quality may affect children—especially those who are at risk from other social determinants of health such

Vegan diet significantly remodels metabolism in young children

University of Helsinki researchers report a comprehensive pilot study on the metabolic effects of full vegan diet on young children. The study found vegan children to have remarkably altered metabolism and lower vitamin A and D status compared to children with no special diet. The study concludes that vegan diet has a broad effect on

Mothers of children with autism found to have significantly different metabolite levels

Blood sample analysis showed that, two to five years after they gave birth, mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) had several significantly different metabolite levels compared to mothers of typically developing children. That’s according to new research recently published in BMC Pediatrics by a multidisciplinary team from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Arizona State University,

Amid COVID, schools can help families of children with disabilities

Children don’t come with how-to manuals. Even if they did, they would all require a manual of their own, tailored to their unique make and model. That’s why caregiving can be rewarding, as well as puzzling and demanding—particularly for family caregivers of children with disabilities. Although these caregivers often report that the role gives them

Acute Kidney Injury Common in Children With Diabetic Ketoacidosis

MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2020 — For children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), acute kidney injury (AKI) is common and is associated with cognitive issues, including lower scores on tests of short-term memory, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Network Open. Sage R. Myers, M.D., from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and colleagues

COVID-19 vaccines could go to children first to protect the elderly

The World Health Organization is discussing how best to allocate and prioritize COVID-19 vaccines when they arrive. It is focusing on the immediate crisis. To reduce deaths quickly when there are extremely limited vaccine doses available, vaccinating older, more vulnerable people is expected to be the best option, even if the vaccine is relatively poor

Hospital Outcomes Worse for Children With Chronic Kidney Disease

TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2020 — Among children who are hospitalized, pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with longer length of stay (LOS) and increased costs compared with other chronic illnesses, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases. Zubin J. Modi, M.D., from the University of Michigan

Nuclear magnetic resonance insights set stage for next-gen targeted cancer therapies for adults and children

Scientists at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital have visualized previously unknown structures of the ABL kinase, offering insight for designing the next generation of targeted therapies for adult and childhood cancers. The work will advance understanding of treatment resistance to targeted cancer therapies. The findings appear as an advance online publication today in Science. Central