Tag: disorders

Functional seizures associated with stroke, psychiatric disorders in study

In a large-scale study of electronic health records, Vanderbilt University Medical Center investigators have determined the prevalence of functional seizures and characterized comorbidities associated with them. Functional seizures are sudden attacks or spasms that look like epileptic seizures but do not have the aberrant brain electrical patterns of epilepsy. The research team, headed by Lea

Be alert to early signs of eating disorders, pediatricians’ group says

(HealthDay)—A leading pediatricians’ group says families often spot eating disorders too late—and offers new guidelines to reach an earlier diagnosis. “For too long, eating disorders were considered a disease that afflicted mostly affluent white teenage girls,” said Dr. Laurie Hornberger, lead author of the report written by the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence.

COVID has presented unique challenges for people with eating disorders. They’ll need support beyond the pandemic

COVID-19 has changed the way we live, work and interact with one another. It has also changed the way we move, exercise, shop, prepare food, and eat. During the pandemic, we’ve seen marked increases in reports of mental distress across the board. But Australian and international research suggests lockdown measures have presented unique challenges for

Single gene disorders not so simple after all

Traditionally, geneticists divide disorders into “simple,” where a single gene mutation causes disease, or complex, where mutations in many genes contribute modest amounts. A new study suggests that the truth is somewhere in between. For many years, scientists studying patient genomes have gained glimpses of genetic “burden” or additional genetic variation that contributes to the

Eating disorders linked to exercise addiction

New research shows that exercise addiction is nearly four times more common amongst people with an eating disorder. The study, led by Mike Trott of Anglia Ruskin University (ARU), was published this month in the journal Eating and Weight Disorders – Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity. The research is the first to measure rates

Guidance issued for hepatic, mesenteric circulation disorders

(HealthDay)—In a clinical guideline from the American College of Gastroenterology, published in the January issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology, recommendations are presented for management of disorders of the hepatic and mesenteric circulation. Douglas A. Simonetto, M.D., from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and colleagues reviewed the literature to develop recommendations for disorders

How many people have eating disorders?

Last week, federal health minister Greg Hunt announced that more than 60,000 Australians will be asked about their mental health and well-being as part of the Intergenerational Health and Mental Health Study. The mental health survey will be run in 2020, with new data on how common mental illness is due the year after. This

Worldwide prevalence of eating disorders increased since 2000

(HealthDay)—Eating disorders are highly prevalent worldwide, especially among women, according to research published in the May issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Marie Galmiche, from Normandy Rouen University in France, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature review (2000 to 2018) to identify studies examining the prevalence of eating disorders and assess trends. The

Mental health disorders up after head and neck cancer diagnosis

(HealthDay)—In patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), the prevalence of mental health disorders (MHDs) is significantly higher after cancer diagnosis, according to a study published online Feb. 28 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. Ji Hyae Lee, from Pennsylvania State University in Hershey, and colleagues conducted a retrospective cohort study to describe the prevalence

Study links men’s porn-watching to women’s eating disorders

Women whose male partners watch more porn are at greater risk of eating disorders because they feel ‘sexless and insecure in their bodies,’ study suggests Some 30 million Americans have anorexia, bulemia, anorexia or over-eating  These disorders disproportionately impact women  Risk factors include social pressures and feelings of inadequacy  An Ohio State University survey found that

Addressing sleep disorders after traumatic brain injury

Disorders of sleep are some of the most common problems experienced by patients after traumatic brain injury (TBI). It is important to recognize and treat these problems early to allow for optimal cognitive recovery, but because they are so common, the importance of treating them is often underestimated. In this special issue of NeuroRehabilitation scientists

New developments in EEG brain scans could help spot mental disorders early

Patients suffering from mental and neurological disorders, including autism, ADHD and dementia, could benefit from new developments in brain scanning technology, according to a new study published in The Neurodiagnostic Journal. Recent advances in electroencephalography (EEG) technology, which may one day be used to measure brain function throughout a patient’s lifespan, could encourage earlier diagnoses