Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have compared how well different Alzheimer’s biomarkers predict the progression of the disease and its effect on the memory. They found that early accumulation of tau proteins in the brain as measured by PET scanner was more effective at predicting memory impairment than biomarkers in the cerebrospinal fluid or
Early sign of arthritis that’s a pain in the backside: Too often lower backache is put down to sciatica – and the long delay in diagnosis can lead to permanent damage As a hotel chef often on his feet for ten hours a day, and a keen rugby player, Gareth Dwyer put the constant ache
People who get type 2 diabetes need to gain control of their blood-sugar levels—fast. The years immediately after diagnosis are strikingly critical in terms of their future risk for heart attacks and death. This is shown by a joint study from the Universities of Gothenburg and Oxford. In a collaboration between the University of Gothenburg
Scientists are investigating whether rising global temperatures may lead to more stillbirths, saying further study is needed on the subject as climates change. Researchers from The University of Queensland’s School of Earth and Environmental Science and the Mater Research Institute reviewed 12 studies, finding extreme ambient temperature exposures throughout pregnancy appeared to increase risk of
Alzheimer’s disease is known for its slow attack on neurons crucial to memory and cognition. But why are these particular neurons in aging brains so susceptible to the disease’s ravages, while others remain resilient? A new study led by researchers at the Yale School of Medicine has found that susceptible neurons in the prefrontal cortex
The development of a wearable to detect early Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases years before symptoms show has taken a step closer to reality today, as UK charity Alzheimer’s Research UK announces a partnership with Boston University that will see the first digital data flowing into its global Early Detection of Neurodegenerative diseases (EDoN) initiative.
Results of a multi-centre, international, clinical trial co-led by Peter Munk Cardiac Centre (PMCC) cardiologist Dr. Dinesh Thavendiranathan point to the benefit of using a more sensitive test to detect heart function issues early, so cancer patients don’t have to fight heart failure too. Unfortunately, for 1 in 20 high-risk patients, treating cancer with certain
(HealthDay)—A leading pediatricians’ group says families often spot eating disorders too late—and offers new guidelines to reach an earlier diagnosis. “For too long, eating disorders were considered a disease that afflicted mostly affluent white teenage girls,” said Dr. Laurie Hornberger, lead author of the report written by the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Adolescence.
QIMR Berghofer researchers have developed a way of testing whether or not COVID-19 patients’ immune systems are gearing up to fight the virus that causes the deadly disease. They hope the discovery could be used to identify early on which patients’ immune systems are not responding appropriately, and who might therefore be at higher risk
A new study led by UC Davis MIND Institute researchers found a distinct DNA methylation signature in the cord blood of newborns who were eventually diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This signature mark spanned DNA regions and genes linked to early fetal neurodevelopment. The findings may hold clues for early diagnosis and intervention. “We
THURSDAY, Oct. 8, 2020 — Kids who reach puberty earlier than other kids are at an increased risk of harming themselves as teens, British researchers report. “Our study is the first to investigate the relationship between the timing of puberty and self-harm using an objective measure of pubertal timing in boys,” said lead author Elystan
Prolonged sleep deprivation can lead to severe health problems in humans and other animals. But why is sleep so vital to our health? A UCLA-led team of scientists has answered this question and shown for the first time that a dramatic change in the purpose of sleep occurs at the age of about 2-and-a-half. Before
(HealthDay)—Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment also cuts cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. Sven Plein, M.D., Ph.D., from the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom, and colleagues randomly assigned 81 patients with early RA to either
Offering HIV screening to new patients in general practice on a routine basis increases testing rates and improves detection and earlier diagnosis, research co-led by Queen Mary University of London and UCL suggests. HIV testing rates in general practice are low, despite testing being recommended in UK and international guidelines. Lack of testing leads to
Early clinical treatment may significantly reduce recovery time following a concussion, according to new research led by the University of Pittsburgh Sports Medicine Concussion Program. The results, published today in JAMA Neurology, suggest delays in seeking treatment can lead to unnecessarily longer recovery. “Our study emphasizes the importance of seeking appropriate, specialized care early on.
A shift in surgical practice over the last decade towards the earlier removal of a type of slow-growing but ultimately fatal brain tumor has led to dramatic improvements in survival and seizure control for patients, a study at UCLH and UCL has found. Patients with low-grade gliomas (LGGs) had a 50 percent chance of dying
Applying strips of adhesive tape to skin lesions and non-lesional skin is a non-invasive way to obtain biomarkers to track the severity of early-onset pediatric eczema or atopic dermatitis (AD) in infants and young children, researchers report for the first time. The study, titled “Use of Tape Strips to Detect Immune and Barrier Abnormalities In
Children born as little as three weeks premature, who consequently fall into an earlier school year are more likely to experience significant setbacks in their education after their first year of school, according to new research published today in the journal Archives of Disease in Childhood. Previous research has already shown that children born severely
Scientists use ECSTASY to ‘cure alcoholics’: Four people give up heavy drinking after taking two doses of MDMA alongside psychotherapy in eight-week trial, study claims Scientists from Imperial College London teamed up with mental health workers They trialled a combination of counselling with taking the recreational drug None of the four people were drinking harmfully
Even a small increase in blood pressure during your first trimester could spell bigger trouble later in your pregnancy, new research suggests. Those troubles can include gestational high blood pressure, which develops after the 20th week of pregnancy, and preeclampsia (high blood pressure and protein in the urine), the researchers explained. Both conditions increase the