Neuroscientists at Technische Universität Dresden discovered a novel, non-invasive imaging-based method to investigate the visual sensory thalamus, an important structure of the human brain and point of origin of visual difficulties in diseases such as dyslexia and glaucoma. The new method could provide an in-depth understanding of visual sensory processing in both health and disease
The U.S. military veteran population is known to have abnormally high rates of suicide, so health officials have been concerned that the COVID-19 pandemic might elevate risk of psychiatric disorders, particularly among those suffering from post-traumatic stress and related disorders. A recent national study of more than 3,000 veterans participating in the National Health and
DR MICHAEL MOSLEY: Are YOU a victim of hidden diabetes? (Believe it or not, I was too!) The small, scaly area on my chest didn’t overly worry me but as it was growing, albeit slowly, I thought I should have it checked out. My GP suggested it was a solar keratosis — sun damage —
Imagine the scene—gleeful children ripping open presents, harassed parents surveying the carnage of once-tidy homes, disgruntled relatives muttering disapproval into their third glass of sherry. All familiar sights around Christmas, when the social obligations of the festive season draw people together with their kith and kin. This type of social event is perfectly natural. Humans
When immune cells detect harmful pathogens or cancer, they mobilise and coordinate a competent defence response. To do this effectively immune cells must communicate in a way that is tailored to the pathogenic insult. Consequently, the body’s response to various health challenges depends on successful coordination among the cells of the immune system. Key players
It can be hidden in bread, pizza, soup and other packaged foods and restaurant meals. Now, advice to watch out for salt is coming with a more specific reason. A report released Tuesday by the National Academies of Science ties the recommended limit on sodium to a reduced risk of chronic disease. The report, which
What do medical biomarkers do on evenings and weekends, when they might be considered off the clock? The hidden lives of medical biomarkers are the focus of a recent study in Nature Communications by Jonathan Mosley, MD, Ph.D., assistant professor of Medicine and Biomedical Informatics, and colleagues from Vanderbilt University Medical Center and 11 other
MONDAY, Aug. 27, 2018 — In a new study of patients with the heart rhythm disorder atrial fibrillation (a-fib), 4 in 10 had previously undetected brain damage, though none had a history of stroke or mini-stroke. This brain damage could put them at risk for mental decline and dementia, researchers said. Their study included nearly
New research warns that the normalisation of ‘plus-size’ body shapes may be leading to an increasing number of people underestimating their weight—undermining efforts to tackle England’s ever-growing obesity problem. While attempts to reduce stigmatisation of larger body sizes—for example with the launch of plus-size clothing ranges—help promote body positivity, the study highlights an unintentional negative
Like exposing a crime boss whose authority has gone undetected, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists have identified a hidden driver that influences production of the T cells that fight cancer and infections. The study appears today as an advance online publication in the journal Nature. The hidden drivers are kinases (enzymes) Mst1 and Mst2.
Researchers from the Papua New Guinea Institute for Medical Research and UNSW’s Kirby Institute say health services are needed to tackle high rates of HIV, hepatitis and STIs among key populations in PNG. Expanded health and social services are needed to urgently address HIV in Papua New Guinea, according to new research conducted by the
For decades, the neuroscience community has been baffled by the existence of dense connections in the brain that seem to be going “backwards.” These connections, which span extensively across distant areas of the neocortex, are clearly conveying important information. But until now, the organization of the connections, and therefore their possible role, was largely unknown.