Tag: information

Impact of patient-reported symptom information on lumbar spine MRI Interpretation

According to an open-access article in ARRS’ American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR), in lumbar spine MRI, presumptive pain generators diagnosed using symptom information from brief electronic questionnaires showed almost perfect agreement with pain generators diagnosed using symptom information from direct patient interviews. “Using patient-reported symptom information from a questionnaire, radiologists interpreting lumbar spine MRI converged

From publication bias to lost in information

The availability of clinical trial records has increased markedly in recent years. For instance, several documents from numerous sources are often available for a single clinical trial—sometimes with overlapping, but often incomplete information. Identifying and processing this information involves a great deal of resources and challenges. Using an example of information retrieval for a health

Strong convictions can blind us to information that challenges them

When people are highly confident in a decision, they take in information that confirms their decision, but fail to process information which contradicts it, finds a UCL brain imaging study. The study, published in Nature Communications, helps to explain the neural processes that contribute to the confirmation bias entrenched in most people’s thought processes. Lead

Expert offers tips about online nutrition information

In today’s social media world, it’s easier than ever to find “facts”—and increasingly difficult to figure out which of them are actually true. Reporting based on findings of nutrition research, in particular, is rife with exaggerations, contradictions, and flat-out inaccuracies. Many people end up making food decisions based on this flawed advice, instead of following

The way a single neuron processes information is never the same

How do neurons process information? Neurons are known to break down an incoming electrical signal into sub-units. Now, researchers at Blue Brain have discovered that dendrites, the neuron’s tree-like receptors, work together—dynamically and depending on the workload—for learning. The findings further our understanding of how we think and may inspire new algorithms for artificial intelligence.

Mosquito surveillance uncovers new information about malaria transmission in Madagascar

Riley Tedrow, Ph.D., a medical entomologist at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, has uncovered new findings about malaria transmission in Madagascar. In a recent study published in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, he also describes real-world application of an effective mosquito surveillance strategy using low cost traps and a recently reported tool that simultaneously

Many Patients Withhold Information From Clinicians

TUESDAY, Dec. 4, 2018 — Many patients intentionally withhold information from clinicians, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in JAMA Network Open. Andrea Gurmankin Levy, Ph.D., from Middlesex Community College in Middletown, Connecticut, and colleagues recruited two national nonprobability samples (Amazon’s Mechanical Turk [MTurk], 2,096 respondents, and Survey Sampling International [SSI], 3,011 respondents)

The BMJ questions transparency of information surrounding safety of Pandemrix vaccine

An investigation published by The BMJ today raises fundamental questions about the transparency of information surrounding the safety of GlaxoSmithKline’s Pandemrix vaccine used in 2009-2010. Eight years after the 2009 H1N1 “swine flu” outbreak, new information is emerging of a striking difference in the number and frequency of adverse events reported for three GSK pandemic

New information to understand regulation of muscle function in muscular dystrophy patients

Scientists from the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, and from University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, have found new functions and structural details of muscle attachment structures. The research is important for the basic understanding of regulation of muscle function, for instance, in muscular dystrophy patients and for muscle adaptation in physical activity and sports. In multicellular

New study advocates for better information about PET/CT scanning

Improved information before undergoing PET/CT scanning can improve patients’ experience of care, demonstrates radiology nurse Camilla Andersson in a recent dissertation at Uppsala University. PET/CT scanning is increasingly common for various oncological matters, but it also requires care recipients to understand and follow instructions. Unprepared patients may entail delayed exams and postponed treatment, which can