Tag: research

Researchers receive grant to study the development of science identity among underrepresented students

The social, economic, and health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic have disproportionately affected underserved populations in the United States, including racially minoritized students, lower-income students, and females. These populations have also been historically underrepresented and underserved in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. Without a concerted effort to recruit and support underserved students

New 'Work Design for Health' framework offers viable directions for improving employee health, well-being

The "Work Design for Health" framework—developed by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and MIT Sloan School of Management researchers—maps how to create work environments that foster worker health and well-being. The framework offers new and viable directions for improving worker health and well-being while maintaining or enhancing employee engagement and productivity, according to

Study reveals ideal usage duration of medical face masks

In a paper published by the Journal of Hazardous Materials, researchers from Surrey's renowned Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE) explore two key questions: how long a mask should be worn; and when should it be discarded, recycled or washed to optimize its usage time. The GCARE team conducted a comprehensive laboratory investigation on

Research explores how exposure to air pollution increases risk for neurodegeneration

There is growing awareness that air pollutants are playing a critical role in the development of neurodegenerative diseases. A new book, Alzheimer’s Disease and Air Pollution: The Development and Progression of a Fatal Disease from Childhood and the Opportunities for Early Intervention, edited by Lilian Calder├│n-Garcidue├▒as, MA, MD, Ph.D., compiles the latest research establishing links

Early research suggests climate change could lead to more stillbirths

Scientists are investigating whether rising global temperatures may lead to more stillbirths, saying further study is needed on the subject as climates change. Researchers from The University of Queensland’s School of Earth and Environmental Science and the Mater Research Institute reviewed 12 studies, finding extreme ambient temperature exposures throughout pregnancy appeared to increase risk of

Brain research gets a boost from mosquitoes

Can a protein found in a mosquito lead to a better understanding of the workings of our own brains? Prof. Ofer Yizhar and his team in the Weizmann Institute of Science’s Neurobiology Department took a light-sensitive protein derived from mosquitoes and used it to devise an improved method for investigating the messages that are passed

Experts hope to improve both human communication and animal care

Veterinarians, pet owners and breeders often have preconceived notions about each other, but by investigating these biases, experts at the University of Arizona College of Veterinary Medicine hope to improve both human communication and animal care. Veterinary medicine may require us to treat the patient, but we are unable to improve pet patient outcomes without

COVID19's cytokine storm ushers in a local complement storm in the lungs

A new study published in the journal Science Immunology analyzed lung epithelial cells from patients infected with COVID-19 and found the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) induces the complement system as a dangerous weapon for viral infection. The complement system is an extension of the innate immune system to recognize pathogens and remove