Tag: Researchers

Researchers identify ‘hot spots’ for developing lymphatic vessels

When an embryo develops, a wide variety of proteins and enzymes trigger a series of biochemical reactions. The development of the lymphatic vasculature is crucially dependent on one specific protein—the growth factor VEGF-C. In order to become biologically active and to initiate downstream signaling events, the protein must first undergo processing steps. Thus far it

Researchers propose direct PET image reconstruction network

Positron emission tomography (PET), an advanced medical imaging technique, has been widely used in various clinical applications, including tumor detection and neurologic disorders. Reducing the radiotracer dose could decrease the patient’s radiation exposure in PET imaging. However, it could also increase the noise and then affect the image quality. Researchers from the Shenzhen Institutes of

Researchers find minimally invasive procedure to treat chronic Achilles tendon disorder

A minimally invasive procedure to treat a common foot and ankle disorder can reduce pain, recovery time, and postsurgery complications while improving functional outcomes, according to a report published in the journal Foot and Ankle Surgery. The procedure treats insertional Achilles tendinopathy, a common and chronic orthopedic disorder in which patients experience pain at the

Researchers identify starting point for designing drugs that cure clostridium difficile

A newly published paper in PNAS details a research breakthrough that provides a promising starting point for scientists to create drugs that can cure C. diff—a virulent health care-associated infection that causes severe diarrhea, nausea, internal bleeding, and potentially death. The bacteria affects roughly half-a-million Americans and causes nearly 15,000 deaths in the U.S. annually.

Researchers develop a faster, stronger rabies vaccine

Every year, more than 59,000 people around the world die of rabies and there remains no cheap and easy vaccine regimen to prevent the disease in humans. Now, researchers report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases that adding a specific immune molecule to a rabies vaccine can boost its efficacy. Previous studies have suggested that the

Researchers study social communication in pediatric traumatic brain injury

Kessler Foundation researchers conducted a pilot study to determine ways to assess social communication difficulties in children with impaired social functioning caused by moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). The article, “The relationship between social communication and social functioning in pediatric TBI: A pilot study” was epublished on August 14, 2019 by Frontiers in Neurology. The

Researchers uncover novel amyloidosis

A collaboration led by scientists at Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT), Japan, has discovered a novel amyloid protein that induces amyloidosis in rats. This new amyloid protein is known to be the lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) and accumulated very frequently in the mammary gland of aged rats. Although LBP was identified as an

Researchers develop innovative treatment for familial adenomatous polyposis

Researchers from Tel Aviv University and Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (Ichilov Hospital) have developed an innovative drug treatment for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), a rare, inherited condition that affects adolescents and young adults and often leads to colorectal cancer. The novel drug, based on antibiotics, inhibits the development of intestinal polyps that, left untreated,

Researchers discover potential drug to treat heart attacks

A potential drug to treat heart attacks and to prevent heart failure—for which no cure currently exists—may result from pioneering research by a University of Guelph professor. Prof. Tami Martino, Department of Biomedical Sciences, and Ph.D. student Cristine Reitz have discovered what they believe is a novel drug target controlling the body’s repair responses after