Tag: Researchers

Willpower is the key to enhancing learning and memory: Researchers uncover the mechanism

Active or voluntary learning is a major topic in education, psychology, and neuroscience. Over the years, numerous studies have shown that when learning occurs through voluntary action, there is a modulation of attention, motivation and cognitive control that makes the process much more effective. Consequently, memory is benefited. However, although the physiological processes underlying this

Researchers find effective combination of therapies for managing mitochondrial disease

Researchers from the Mitochondrial Medicine Frontier Program at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have demonstrated how one combination of therapies may be beneficial for patients with mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders. This preclinical research paves the way to develop more tailored treatment options for patients with inherited mitochondrial disease and acquired energy disorders. The findings emphasize

Researchers find disease-related gene changes in kidney tissue

Researchers from Indiana University have identified key genetic changes in the interstitial kidney tissue of people with diabetes, a discovery that signifies the potential for a revolutionary new genetic approach to the treatment of kidney disease. They will contribute their findings to the Kidney Precision Medicine Project’s (KPMP) “cell atlas,” a set of maps used

Researchers examine impact of COVID-19 on dental hygiene and dental students’ careers

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted dental education and training. The study “COVID-19 and Dental and Dental Hygiene Students’ Career Plans,” published in the JDR Clinical & Translational Research (JDR CTR), examined the short-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on dental hygiene and dental students’ career intentions. An anonymous online survey was emailed to dental

Researchers create model to calculate COVID-19 health outcomes

University of California, Irvine health sciences researchers have created a machine-learning model to predict the probability that a COVID-19 patient will need a ventilator or ICU care. The tool is free and available online for any healthcare organization to use. “The goal is to give an earlier alert to clinicians to identify patients who may

Researchers develop potential antibiotic for drug-resistant pathogen

Scientists from Johns Hopkins University and Medicine have developed a possible new antibiotic for a pathogen that is notoriously resistant to medications and frequently lethal for people with cystic fibrosis and other lung ailments. The pathogen, called Mycobacterium abscessus, is related to a better-known bacterium that causes tuberculosis and leprosy but has recently emerged as

Researchers discover treatment that suppresses liver cancer

Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have discovered a treatment combination that significantly reduces tumor growth and extends the life span of mice with liver cancer. This discovery provides a potentially new therapeutic approach to treating one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. A cancer translational research team consisting of

Researchers link cases of ALS and FTD to a Huntington’s disease-associated mutation

A study led by researchers at the National Institutes of Health has made a surprising connection between frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), two disorders of the nervous system, and the genetic mutation normally understood to cause Huntington’s disease. This large, international project, which included a collaboration between the National Institute of Neurological

Researchers discover inhibitor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Recently, a research team led by Profs. Liu Qingsong and Liu Jing from the Institute of Health & Medical Technology of the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) discovered a potent and selective PI3Kδ inhibitor IHMT-PI3Kδ-372, effective against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in vivo. COPD is a chronic progressive respiratory disease characterized by airflow

Researchers develop blood oxygenation sensor for premature babies

Doctors need to keep a close eye on babies that are born prematurely, and brain oxygenation is perhaps the most important thing to monitor. Up to 50 percent of premature babies suffer brain damage, leading to neurological problems. Researchers at Delft University of Technology have now developed a wireless sensor that monitors the health of