Tag: among

Distress tolerance plays role in alcohol use and abuse among firefighters

New findings by a University of Houston psychology professor indicate that among firefighters, distress tolerance amplifies associations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and alcohol use severity. In the world of psychology, distress tolerance is your actual or perceived ability to withstand emotional distress. It is surviving—and knowing you can survive—an emotional incident. “Firefighters who

Study: Melanoma rates drop sharply among teens, young adults

Cases of melanoma among U.S. adolescents and young adults declined markedly from 2006 to 2015—even as the skin cancer’s incidence continued to increase among older adults and the general population during the span, new research shows. The finding, based on national cancer-registry data, suggests that public-health efforts advocating sun protection are changing behaviors among Millennials

Cholesterol levels fell 10% in 10 years among Americans on statins

Americans’ cholesterol levels dropped nearly 10% in 11 years, and the biggest improvements came among people who take statins Over 30% of Americans have high levels of bad cholesterol, raising their risks of cardiovascular disease  In 2013, the  American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association changed their guidelines for managing cholesterol  They moved toward

ADHD rates doubled among U.S. adults over 10 years

(HealthDay)—If the latest statistics are any indication, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is no longer an issue for children only. Over a 10-year period, ADHD rates more than doubled among American adults, new research shows. However, the rate among children remains much higher than in adults. “While we can’t pinpoint the source of the increase in ADHD

Overdose, suicide among leading reasons for deaths of new moms

Overdoses and suicides were among the most common reasons for mothers dying within a year of giving birth in California, according to a new study from Michigan State University and the University of California, Merced. Lead author Sidra Goldman-Mellor, a psychiatric epidemiologist at UC Merced, and co-author Claire Margerison, a perinatal epidemiologist at MSU, studied

Strained relationships, past trauma and family responsibilities contribute to loneliness among midlife women

Urban minority midlife women commonly experience significant loneliness due to strained family and romantic relationships, responsibilities as a caregiver, past trauma and social isolation, according to new research being presented today at the American Psychiatric Association’s Annual Meeting here. Supportive relationships were identified as protective against feelings of loneliness. Loneliness has long been linked with

Alarming Steep Rise Of Depression Among Teenagers

Now that we’ve just commemorated the Mental Health Week, we have opened our minds and raised awareness to the importance of mental health and depression. We may know about some famous celebrities who battled depression which ended tragically but this illness is much more common than you may think. In fact, according to a study

Rates of Diabetes Screening High Among Adults Age ≥45

MONDAY, Feb. 11, 2019 — Rates of diabetes screening are high, with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) used less but more likely to result in clinical diagnosis, according to a study published online Feb. 6 in Diabetes Care. Joshua M. Evron, M.D., from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, and colleagues examined changes in screening among

Helmet Use Low Among Standing Electric Scooter Riders

MONDAY, Jan. 28, 2019 — Helmet use is low among patients presenting to the emergency department with injuries associated with standing electric scooter use, according to a study published online Jan. 25 in JAMA Network Open. Tarak K. Trivedi, M.D., from the Veterans Administration in Los Angeles, and colleagues reviewed medical records for all patients

Pneumococcal vaccine recs cause confusion among docs

(HealthDay)—While primary care physicians overwhelmingly recommend pneumococcal vaccines, there is a gap in their knowledge of how to implement related vaccine recommendations, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. Laura P. Hurley, M.D., M.P.H., from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora, and colleagues conducted

Early PSA testing could help predict prostate cancer among black men

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in American men. But black men bear a disproportionate burden of its effects. It’s more common—and more than twice as deadly—among black men compared to their white counterparts. Yet the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for prostate cancer screening do not differentiate for race,