Tag: disease

Congenital heart disease surgery tied to later hypertension

(HealthDay)—The incidence of hypertension is 12 times higher in children with surgical repair of congenital heart disease (CHD) versus healthy, matched children without CHD, according to a study published online April 8 in JAMA Network Open. Jason H. Greenberg, M.D., from the Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut, and colleagues used Canadian

Cell stress mechanisms identified as prognostic factor for chronic inflammatory liver disease

Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the bile ducts and is difficult to treat, since its causes have not yet been adequately researched. Using RNA sequencing, an international research consortium led by Michael Trauner, Head of MedUni Vienna’s Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Department of Medicine III), has now identified

Could your smartphone hold clues to early Alzheimer’s disease?

The development of a wearable to detect early Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases years before symptoms show has taken a step closer to reality today, as UK charity Alzheimer’s Research UK announces a partnership with Boston University that will see the first digital data flowing into its global Early Detection of Neurodegenerative diseases (EDoN) initiative.

Researchers find effective combination of therapies for managing mitochondrial disease

Researchers from the Mitochondrial Medicine Frontier Program at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have demonstrated how one combination of therapies may be beneficial for patients with mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders. This preclinical research paves the way to develop more tailored treatment options for patients with inherited mitochondrial disease and acquired energy disorders. The findings emphasize

Female heart disease patients with female physicians fare better

Female physicians have better patient outcomes compared with their male peers, while female patients are less likely to receive guideline-recommended care when treated by a male physician, according to a systematic review from the American College of Cardiology’s Cardiovascular Disease in Women section published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. While

WHO team in Wuhan visits provincial disease control center

A World Health Organization team investigating the origins of the coronavirus pandemic has visited a provincial disease control center that had an early hand in managing the outbreak. The WHO investigators arrived in the Hubei provincial capital, Wuhan, last month to look for clues and have visited hospitals that treated many of the earliest patients

Another deadly disease for smokers: Pulmonary fibrosis

(HealthDay)—Current and former smokers are at risk for a lung disease called pulmonary fibrosis, but many aren’t aware of the threat, the Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation says. There is no cure for the disease, which affects more than 200,000 Americans. A recent foundation survey found that more than 80% of smokers are unfamiliar with pulmonary fibrosis.

Researchers discover inhibitor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Recently, a research team led by Profs. Liu Qingsong and Liu Jing from the Institute of Health & Medical Technology of the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) discovered a potent and selective PI3Kδ inhibitor IHMT-PI3Kδ-372, effective against chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in vivo. COPD is a chronic progressive respiratory disease characterized by airflow

AI model uses retinal scans to predict Alzheimer’s disease

A form of artificial intelligence designed to interpret a combination of retinal images was able to successfully identify a group of patients who were known to have Alzheimer’s disease, suggesting the approach could one day be used as a predictive tool, according to an interdisciplinary study from Duke University. The novel computer software looks at

More green spaces can help boost air quality, reduce heart disease deaths

Green spaces—trees, shrubs and grasses—can improve air quality and may lower heart disease deaths, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2020. “We found that both increased greenness and increased air quality were associated with fewer deaths from heart disease,” said William Aitken, M.D., a cardiology fellow with

Hospital Outcomes Worse for Children With Chronic Kidney Disease

TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2020 — Among children who are hospitalized, pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with longer length of stay (LOS) and increased costs compared with other chronic illnesses, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases. Zubin J. Modi, M.D., from the University of Michigan

Statins’ unique effectiveness in preventing heart disease

Statins, a class of drugs that lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood by reducing the production of cholesterol by the liver, are the first line of defense in preventing and treating cardiovascular disease. Statins appear to be more effective than other drugs targeting cholesterol at preventing death and possibly are more effective in

No benefit from drug used to reduce heart disease in kidney patients

Following a large-scale clinical trial, researchers have found that lanthanum carbonate does not reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease developing in patients with chronic kidney disease. The drug is routinely prescribed to patients with chronic kidney disease to help reduce the risk of both bone disease and cardiovascular disease, with cardiovascular disease the most common