Tag: growth

How much protein do you need for weight loss and muscle growth?

(HealthDay)—Low-carb, vegetarian, Mediterranean—whatever your diet, it’s important to get enough protein. Although research hasn’t yet pinpointed one perfect formula, experts say that the typical “recommended” daily minimums aren’t optimal, and that it helps to factor in your weight and activity level to determine how much protein you personally need. A good baseline for people who

Joslin researchers report excessive fetal growth despite well-controlled type 1 diabetes

A new study has shown that despite excellent glycemic control and low glycemic variability throughout their pregnancies, women with type 1 diabetes tended to give birth to infants who were large for gestational age. Researchers documented elevated fetal weight and abdominal circumference percentages throughout the pregnancies that were consistent with accelerated prenatal growth, as documented

Drug combination slows growth of most common type of advanced breast cancer

The combination of taselisib and fulvestrant has shown to slow the growth of cancer in post-menopausal women with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) negative, PIK3CA-mutant, inoperable, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) presented this data, from the SANDPIPER trial, in a press conference

Growth of Greenlandic children is no longer stunted

For centuries, Inuit children in Greenland, Canada and Alaska have been observed as small. But recently, growth has increased. “During the last couple of years, people have noticed that Greenlandic boys and girls are getting taller compared to older generations. These common observations have now been scientifically proved,” says Marius Kløvgaard, MD and one of

Growth hormone may provide new hope for stroke survivors

Less fatigue and better recovery of cognitive abilities such as learning and memory. These may be the results of growth hormone treatment after a stroke, an experimental study of mice published in the journal Stroke suggests. “We hope that this work can pave the way for clinical studies involving the use of human growth hormone

In a break with dogma, myelin boosts neuron growth in spinal cord injuries

Recovery after severe spinal cord injury is notoriously fraught, with permanent paralysis often the result. In recent years, researchers have increasingly turned to stem cell-based therapies as a potential method for repairing and replacing damaged nerve cells. They have struggled, however, to overcome numerous innate barriers, including myelin, a mixture of insulating proteins and lipids

Enzyme blocker stops growth of deadly brain tumor

Investigators were able to halt the growth of glioblastoma, an aggressive form of brain cancer, by inhibiting an enzyme called CDK5, according to a Northwestern Medicine study published in Cell Reports. The discovery of this enzyme’s regulatory influence on glioblastoma may open the door to a long-awaited improvement upon current therapy options, according to Subhas

Depleted metabolic enzymes promote tumor growth in kidney cancer

Kidney cancer, one of the ten most prevalent malignancies in the world, has increased in incidence over the last decade, likely due to rising obesity rates. The most common subtype of this cancer is “clear cell” renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), which exhibits multiple metabolic abnormalities, such as highly elevated stored sugar and fat deposition. By

Molecular ‘rabble-rouser’ fuels pancreatic cancer growth

A type of molecular ‘rabble-rouser’ that triggers pancreatic cancer to become aggressive and spread around the body has been identified by scientists. The team behind the early-stage research, led by Imperial College London and funded by Pancreatic Cancer UK, say the findings may open avenues for treatments that target these molecules. The molecules, called microRNAs,

New insights into blood vessel growth

How new blood vessels form in mammals, for example, during development or after injury, is imperfectly understood. Scientists at Goethe University have now shed light on this process, showing that single cells in the innermost layer of blood vessels proliferate after injury, and in so doing, make a significant contribution to the formation of new

Mifepristone may halt growth of intracranial tumor that causes hearing loss

Massachusetts Eye and Ear researchers have shown that mifepristone, a drug currently FDA-approved for chemical abortion, prevents the growth of vestibular schwannoma (also known as acoustic neuroma) cells. This sometimes-lethal intracranial tumor typically causes hearing loss and tinnitus. The findings, published online today in Scientific Reports, suggest that mifepristone is a promising drug candidate to