Tag: kidney

Study links kidney stones with bone problems

In an analysis of nationwide data from the Veterans Health Administration, approximately one-quarter of individuals with kidney stones had a diagnosis of osteoporosis or bone fracture around the time of their kidney stone diagnosis. The findings are published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. Investigators identified 531,431 patients with kidney stone disease between

Researchers find disease-related gene changes in kidney tissue

Researchers from Indiana University have identified key genetic changes in the interstitial kidney tissue of people with diabetes, a discovery that signifies the potential for a revolutionary new genetic approach to the treatment of kidney disease. They will contribute their findings to the Kidney Precision Medicine Project’s (KPMP) “cell atlas,” a set of maps used

What is iDISCO?

Visualizing Structures within Tissue To see structure within biological tissue such as organs, it is necessary to first label the tissue. Antibodies are frequently used for this purpose, and this is known as “immunolabelling”. iDISCO: Adult mouse kidney, screen capture via https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HCdSCMlNafk Antibodies are specific to certain “markers”, or antigens, and immunolabelling is used for

Dietary Guidelines for Pancreatitis

Inflammation of the pancreas is referred to as pancreatitis. The pancreas is a flat tadpole-shaped gland located at the back of the stomach in the upper abdomen; it releases certain enzymes and hormones which help in digestion and aids in regulating sugar metabolism in the body. Pancreatitis may manifest in both severe and acute forms.

What is Dual-Energy Computed Tomography?

Diagnostic imaging has been a widely used tool in the detection and treatment of various diseases. Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) is an emerging imaging technique that combines information collected with various x-ray energy fields. Doctor and patient in the room of computed tomography at hospital. Image Credit: Romaset / Shutterstock What is computed tomography? Computed

Acute Kidney Injury Common in Children With Diabetic Ketoacidosis

MONDAY, Dec. 14, 2020 — For children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), acute kidney injury (AKI) is common and is associated with cognitive issues, including lower scores on tests of short-term memory, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Network Open. Sage R. Myers, M.D., from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and colleagues

Depression screening tools in patients with kidney failure

A recent analysis examines research on the use of depression screening tools in patients with kidney failure. The results appear in an upcoming issue of CJASN. People with kidney failure experience depression at rates higher than the general population. Medicare requires routine depression screening for patients with kidney failure, but no clear guidance on which

The effects of social determinants of health on kidney transplant candidates

Certain social determinants of health predict patient-reported outcomes in potential kidney transplant recipients, according to a study that will be presented online during ASN Kidney Week 2020 Reimagined October 19-October 25. In the 955-participant study, patients’ experience of discrimination in a medical setting, greater depressive symptoms, and a lower sense of mastery (or control over

Hospital Outcomes Worse for Children With Chronic Kidney Disease

TUESDAY, Oct. 13, 2020 — Among children who are hospitalized, pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with longer length of stay (LOS) and increased costs compared with other chronic illnesses, according to a study published online Oct. 12 in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases. Zubin J. Modi, M.D., from the University of Michigan

No benefit from drug used to reduce heart disease in kidney patients

Following a large-scale clinical trial, researchers have found that lanthanum carbonate does not reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease developing in patients with chronic kidney disease. The drug is routinely prescribed to patients with chronic kidney disease to help reduce the risk of both bone disease and cardiovascular disease, with cardiovascular disease the most common

Elderly patients also benefit from kidney transplantation

People in industrialized countries are getting older and are very often in good health as a result of good nutrition, a healthier lifestyle and a higher level of education. More people nowadays know how to keep fit and prevent diseases. Screening programs have increased the survival rates of many illnesses such as cancer, national vaccination

New treatment could ease the passage of kidney stones

Every year, more than half a million Americans visit the emergency room for kidney stone problems. In most cases, the stones eventually pass out of the body on their own, but the process can be excruciatingly painful. Researchers at MIT and Massachusetts General Hospital have now devised a potential treatment that could make passing kidney

Reversing polycystic kidney disease

Hereditary and relatively common, polycystic kidney disease (PKD) has long been thought to be progressive and irreversible, condemning its sufferers to a long, slow and often painful decline as fluid filled cysts develop in the kidneys, grow and eventually rob the organs of their function. Once their kidneys fail, PKD patients often require dialysis several

Artificial intelligence approaches may improve diagnostics of kidney disease

Two new studies reveal that modern machine learning—a branch of artificial intelligence in which systems learn from data, identify patterns, and make decisions—may augment traditional diagnostics of kidney disease. The findings appear in an upcoming issue of JASN. Pathologists often classify various kidney diseases on the basis of visual assessments of biopsies from patients’ kidneys;