Tag: study

Study confirms some cancer immunotherapies may lead to myocarditis and other potentially serious arrhythmias

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have transformed cancer care by unleashing T-cells to fight tumors, but they can cause serious cardiotoxicities including myocarditis. ICI-induced myocarditis represents a new clinical syndrome because of the novelty and considerable usage of ICIs. While it has been hard to fully define the clinical features of ICI-myocarditis, new research provides a

New study examines long-term benefit of ‘two-midnight rule’

A new Health Affairs study led by Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers raises questions about the long-term benefit and value of the so-called Medicare “Two-Midnight Rule” implemented in 2013 to reduce costly and potentially unnecessary inpatient hospital admissions. Led by Sabrina Poon, MD, MPH, assistant professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine, and Melinda Buntin,

Study: Serotonin stabilizes social memories

Who wouldn’t like to be better at remembering people you meet, even after a brief introduction? New research by scientists affiliated with the Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute at Stanford has shown this could be achieved through targeted stimulation of the brain’s serotonin system. In a study published October 6, 2021, in Nature, the Stanford team

Study characterizes multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults

(HealthDay)—Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults (MIS-A) presents about four weeks postacute COVID-19 with heterogeneous clinical symptoms, according to research published online Sept. 22 in JAMA Network Open. Pragna Patel, M.D., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues conducted a systematic review to identify reports of MIS-A either in the

Study: Measuring brain waves could diagnose dementia early

Our visual memory system has a phenomenally large capacity. Flick through the image gallery on your phone, or fast forward through a previously watched movie, and notice how the briefly presented images trigger memories with little or no effort on your part. Well, my colleagues and I have harnessed this passive visual memory system to

Study shows that rewarded life experiences are replayed and consolidated during sleep

Past neuroscience studies have consistently showed that sleep plays an important role in memory consolidation. For instance, some neuroimaging research showed that the brain regions that are activated while humans are encoding waking experiences can later be reactivated during sleep, particularly during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Interestingly, the same brain regions are also associated

OCTAVE study reveals vaccine responses in patients with impaired immune systems

The OCTAVE study—a multi-center, UK-wide trial, led by the University of Glasgow and co-ordinated by the University of Birmingham’s Cancer Research UK Clinical Trials Unit—is evaluating the immune responses following COVID-19 vaccination in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases such as cancer, inflammatory arthritis, diseases of the kidney or liver, or patients who are having a

Study: Domestic control of COVID-19 takes priority over international travel bans

Since COVID-19 reached global pandemic status, many countries have faced containment pressures from both domestic and international transmission after experiencing multiple epidemic waves. But according to a new paper co-written by a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign urban and environmental economics expert, taming domestic transmission of the novel coronavirus ought to be prioritized over international travel

New study identifies key gene correlated with pediatric stroke

Stroke, a devastating condition that causes damage to the brain due to interruption of blood supply, is often considered an adult disease. But children can experience strokes as well. Sadly, pediatric stroke affects one in every 4,000 newborns and an additional 2,000 older children each year. The most common cause of stroke in children is

Study sheds light on precise personalized hepatocellular carcinoma medicine

A research group led by Prof. Piao Hailong from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) identified hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) subtypes with distinctive metabolic phenotypes through bioinformatics and machine learning methods, and elucidated the potential mechanisms based on a metabolite-protein interaction network and multi-omics data. The study, published